5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- spontaneous recovery
- conditioned punisher
- a A behavioral effect associated with extinction in which the behavior suddenly begins to occur after its frequency has decreased to its prereinforcement level or stopped entirely.
- b An energy change that affects an organism through its receptor cells.
- c A previously neutral stimulus change that functions as a punisher because of prior pairing with one or more other punishers; sometimes called secondary or learned punisher.
- d Occurs when a stimulus change immediately follows a response and increases the future frequency of that type of behavior in similar conditions.
- e The discontinuing of a reinforcement of a previously reinforced behavior (i.e. responses no longer produce reinforcement); the primary effect is a decrease in the frequency of the behavior until it reaches a prereinforced level or ultimately ceases to occur.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Reinforcement that occurs independent of the social mediation of others (.e.g. scratching an insect bite relieves the itch).
- The basic process by which operant learning occurs; consequences (stimulus changes immediately following responses) result in an increased (reinforcement) or decreased (punishment) frequency of the same type of behavior under similar motivational and environmental conditions in the future.
- Changes in the behavior of people not directly treated by an intervention as a function of treatment contingencies applied to other people.
- An elementary verbal operant involving a spoken verbal stimulus that evokes a written, typed, or finger-spelled response. Like the textual, there is point-to-point correspondence between the stimulus and the response product, but no formal similarity.
- Behavior that is selected, maintained, and brought under stimulus control as a function of its consequences: each person's repertoire of operant behavior is a product of his history of interactions with the environment (ontogeny).
5 True/False questions
value-altering effect → Describes reinforcement (or punishment) that is delivered only after the target behavior has occurred.
reflex → A stimulus-response relation consisting of an antecedent stimulus and the respondent behavior it elicits (e.g. bright light-pupil contraction). Unconditioned and conditioned reflexes protect against harmful stimuli, help regulate the internal balance and economy of the organism, and promote reproduction.
imitation → Someone who provides reinforcement for verbal behavior. A listener may also serve as an audience evoking verbal behavior.
conditioned stimulus → A learned stimulus-response functional relation consisting of an antecedent stimulus (e.g. sound or refrigerator door opening) and the response it elicits (e.g. salivation); each person's repertoire of conditioned reflexes is the product of his or her history of interactions with the environment (ontogeny).
divergent multiple control → When a single antecedent variable affects the strength of many responses.