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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. private events
  2. history of reinforcement
  3. abolishing operation
  4. setting generalization
  5. Premack principle
  1. a A principle that states that making the opportunity to engage in a high-probability behavior contingent on the occurrence of a low-frequency behavior will function as reinforcement for the low-frequency behavior.
  2. b A motivating operation that deceases the reinforcing effectiveness of a stimulus, object, or event.
  3. c The extent to which a learner emits the target behavior in a setting or stimulus situation that is different from the instructional setting. Also called situation generalization.
  4. d Covert stimulus control.
  5. e An inclusive term referring in general to all of a person's learning experiences and more specifically to past conditioning with respect to particular response classes or aspects of a person's repertoire.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A behavior is followed immediately by the presentation of a stimulus that decreases the future frequency of the behavior; sometimes called Type I punishment.
  2. A tat evoked by a novel stimulus that shares some, but not all, of the relevant features of the original stimulus.
  3. Behavior that is selected, maintained, and brought under stimulus control as a function of its consequences: each person's repertoire of operant behavior is a product of his history of interactions with the environment (ontogeny).
  4. A tact evoked by a novel stimulus that shares all of the relevant or defining features associated with the original stimulus.
  5. Any stimulus made functional for the target behavior in the instructional setting that later prompts or aids the learner in performing the target behavior in a generalization setting.

5 True/False questions

  1. extinction burstAn increase in the frequency of responding when an extinction procedure is initially implemented.


  2. functional relationA verbal statement summarizing the results of an experiment (or group of related experiments) that describes the occurrence of the phenomena under study as a function of the operation of one or more specified and controlled variables in the experiment in which a specific change in one event (the dependent variable) can be produced by manipulating another event (the independent variable), and that the change in the dependent variable was unlikely the result of other factors (confounding variables); in behavior analysis expressed as b = f(x1), (x2)..., where b is the behavior and x1, x2, etc. are environmental variables of which the behavior is a function.


  3. consequenceAnyone who functions as a discriminative stimulus evoking verbal behavior. Different members may control different verbal behavior about the same topic because of a differential reinforcement history. Teens may describe the same event in different ways when talking to peers versus parents.


  4. reflexive conditioned motivating operationA conditioned reinforcer that as a result of having been paired with many other reinforcers does not depend on an establishing operation for any particular form of reinforcement for its effectiveness.


  5. generalized conditioned punisherA stimulus change that increases the frequency of any behavior that immediately precedes it irrespective of the organism's learning history with the stimulus. Unconditioned reinforcers are the product of the evolutionary development of the species (phylogeny). Also called primary or unlearned reinforcer.