5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- conditioned operation
- multiple exemplar training
- response maintenance
- stimulus delta
- a The occurrence of relevant behavior under different, nontraining conditions (i.e. across subjects, settings, people, behaviors, and/or time) without the scheduling of the same events in those conditions.
- b The extent to which a learner continues to perform the target behavior after a portion or all of the intervention responsible for the behavior's initial appearance in the learner's repertoire has been terminated. Often called maintenance, durability, behavioral persistence, and (incorrectly) resistance to extinction.
- c Instruction that provides the learner with practice with a variety of stimulus conditions, response variations, and response topographies to ensure the acquisition of desired stimulus controls response forms; used to promote both settings/situation generalization and response generalization.
- d A stimulus in the presence of which a given behavior has not produced reinforcement in the past.
- e A motivating operation whose value-altering effect depends on a learning history. For example, because of the relation between locked doors and keys, having to open a locked door is a conditioned motivating operation (CMO) that makes keys more effective as reinforcers, and evokes behavior that has obtained such keys.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A stimulus change that increases the future frequency of behavior that immediately precedes it.
- Refers to dependent and/or temporal relations between operant behavior and its controlling variables.
- Two kinds: (a) The occurrence alone of a stimulus that acquired its function by being paired with an already effective stimulus, or (b) the occurrence of the stimulus in the absence as well as in the presence of the effective stimulus. Both kinds of unpairing undo the result of the pairing: the occurrence alone of the stimulus that became a conditioned reinforcer; and the occurrence of the unconditioned reinforcer in the absence as well as in the presence of the conditioned reinforcer.
- A stimulus change that increases the frequency of any behavior that immediately precedes it irrespective of the organism's learning history with the stimulus. Unconditioned reinforcers are the product of the evolutionary development of the species (phylogeny). Also called primary or unlearned reinforcer.
- The stimulus component of a conditioned reflex; a formerly neutral stimulus change that elicits respondent behavior only after it has been paried with an unconditioned stimulus (US) or another conditioned stimulus (CS).
5 True/False questions
copying a text → A verbal operant involving a response that is evoked by both a motivating operation (MO) and a nonverbal stimulus; thus the response is part mand and part tact.
generalization setting → Any place or stimulus situation that differs in some meaningful way from the instructional setting and in which performance of the target behavior is desired.
transitive conditioned motivating operation → An environmental variable that, as a result of a learning history, establishes (or abolished) the reinforcing effectiveness of another stimulus and evokes (or abates) the behavior that has been reinforced by that other stimulus.
conditioned reflex → A learned stimulus-response functional relation consisting of an antecedent stimulus (e.g. sound or refrigerator door opening) and the response it elicits (e.g. salivation); each person's repertoire of conditioned reflexes is the product of his or her history of interactions with the environment (ontogeny).
mand → Someone who engages in verbal behavior by emitting mands, tacts, intraverbals, autoclitics, and so on. A speaker is also someone who uses sign language, gestures, signals, written words, codes, pictures, or any form of verbal behavior.