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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. solistic extension
  2. reinforcement
  3. transcription
  4. sensory extinction
  5. conditioned negative reinforcer
  1. a A verbal response evoked by a stimulus property that is only indirectly related to the proper tact relation (e.g. Yogi Berra's classic malapropism: "Baseball is ninety percent mental; the other half is physical."
  2. b An elementary verbal operant involving a spoken verbal stimulus that evokes a written, typed, or finger-spelled response. Like the textual, there is point-to-point correspondence between the stimulus and the response product, but no formal similarity.
  3. c Occurs when a stimulus change immediately follows a response and increases the future frequency of that type of behavior in similar conditions.
  4. d The process by which behaviors maintained by automatic reinforcement are placed on extinction by masking or removing the sensory consequences.
  5. e A previously neutral stimulus change that functions as a negative reinforcer because of prior pairing with one or more negative reinforcers.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Any measurement of a learner's performance of a target behavior in a setting and/or stimulus situation in which direct training has not been provided.
  2. The state of an organism with respect to how much time has elapsed since it has consumed or contacted a particular type of reinforcer; also refers to a procedure for increasing the effectiveness of a reinforcer (e.g. withholding a person's access to a reinforcer for a specified period of time prior to a session).
  3. A stimulus change that does not elicit respondent behavior.
  4. The history of the development of an individual organism during its lifetime.
  5. A set of stimuli that share a common relationship. All stimuli in the set evoke the same operant behavior, or elicit the same respondent behavior.

5 True/False questions

  1. lag reinforcement scheduleOccurs when a behavior is followed immediately by the presentation of a stimulus that increases the future frequency of the behavior in similar conditions.


  2. point-to-point correspondenceA relation between the stimulus and response or response product that occurs when the beginning, middle, and end of the verbal stimulus matches the beginning, middle, and end of the verbal response. Verbal relation examples include echoic, copying a text, imitation as it relates to sign language, textual, and transcription.


  3. discriminative stimulus for punishmentA stimulus condition in the presence of which a response has a lower probability of occurrence than it does in its absence as a result of response-contingent punishment delivery in the presence of the stimulus.


  4. impure tactA secondary verbal operation in which some aspect of a speaker's own verbal behavior functions as a discriminative stimulus or a motivating operation for additional speaker verbal behavior. The type of relation can be thought of as verbal behavior about verbal behavior.


  5. tactAn elementary verbal operant that is evoked by a motivating operation (MO) and followed by specific reinforcement.