CHAPTER 2 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (20)
the water areas of the Earth, including oceans, lakes, rivers, and other bodies of waters.
uppermost layer of the Earth that includes the crust, continents, and ocean basins.
a thin layer of gases that surrounds the Earth
the part of the earth where life exists
part of a continent that extends out underneath the ocean
innermost layer of the Earth made up of a super-hot but solid inner core and a super-hot liquid outer core
thick middle layer of the Earth's interior structure consisting of hot rock that is dense but flexible
outer layer of the Earth, a hard rocky shell forming Earth's surface.
the theory that the continents were once joined and then slowly drifted apart
the term scientist use to describe the activities of continental drift and magma flow, which crete many of Earth's physical features
to bring into being or cause to exist
process by which oceanic plates dive beneath continental plates, often causing mountains to form on land
slow process in which an oceanic plate, creating debris that can cause continents to grow outward
a bend in layers of rock, sometimes caused by plate movement
a crack or break in Earth's crust
process of cracking that occurs when the folded land cannot be bent any further
wears away the Earth's surface by wind, glaciers, and moving water
the removal of salt from seawater to make it usuable for drinking and farming
water located underground within the Earth that supplies well and springs
underground water bearing layers of porous rocks, sand or gravel.