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33 terms

Biology Revision GCSE: Cell Division and Protein Synthesis

Based on my Biology notes, sorry if there is any errors in the data
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Adenine
Base of DNA, beginning with A
Cytosine
Base of DNA, beginning with C
Guanine
Base of DNA, beginning with G
Thymine
Base of DNA, beginning with T
Uracil
Base of mRNA, beginning with U
In chromosomes
Where DNA is found
In the nucleus
Where chromosomes are found
mRNA
The name of the strand that transports the DNA code to the ribosomes
Nuclear pores
The holes on the outer layer of the nucleus
Polypeptide
A sequence of amino acids
Clone
A genetically identical organism or cell
Mitosis
The zygote divides into two halves in this process
Proteins
What DNA codes for
The process becomes less accurate
What happens when cells continue to divide
Gametes
Meiosis is only used to produce...
Sex cells
What gametes are
4
The number of cells meiosis produces
Haploid and non-identical
The properties of meiosis cells
Zygote
The product made when the sperm and egg nuclei meet
Interphase
The first phase of mitosis
Prophase
The second phase of mitosis
Metaphase
The third phase of mitosis
Anaphase
The fourth phase of mitosis
Telophase
The fifth phase of mitosis
23 pairs
The number of chromosomes a human cell has
Diploid and identical
The properties of mitosis cells
23
The number of chromosomes in a sex cell
Blastocyst
What the zygote is called at the 16th cell stage
Differentation
The process when cells start to specialise in certain jobs
Stem cells
The name of cells in the blastocyst
Undifferentiated
The properties of stem cells
Hayflick Limit
What the term is called for the limit one cell can divide
50
The number of times a cell can divide approximately