45 terms

Desert Hills 7th Grade ELA Review

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glossary
a list at the back of a book, explaining or defining difficult or unusual words and expressions used in the text
index
an alphabetized list at the end of a book giving the page or pages on which specific items are mentioned
table of contents
lists the topics in a document along with their page numbers found at the front of the text
bibliography
the written list of all the books used in a report or book
caption
short description of a picture
diagram
a picture drawn to explain an idea
genre
the style or category of literature (realistic fiction, myth, fairy tale, horror, biography,...)
figurative language
language using figures of speech; language that cannot be taken literally or only literally. (metaphor, simile, symbol, personification etc)
onomatopoeia
words that imitate sounds
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
personification
giving human qualities to animals or objects
hyperbole
an extreme exaggeration used to make a point
analogy
comparison made between two things to show how they are alike
idiom
an expression with a meaning different from the literal meaning of the individual words.
metaphor
comparing two unlike things without using like or as
simile
comparing two unlike things using like or as
dialogue
the words spoken by characters in a book, movie, or play
exposition
the first part of plot; provides the reader with setting, character, tone and mood.
rising action
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.
climax
the point of highest interest in a literary work; the turning point.
falling action
events after the climax, leading to the resolution
resolution
the final unraveling or solution of the plot; where loose ends are tied up.
setting
the time and place of a story
mood
the general atmosphere created by the author's words. It is the feeling the reader gets from reading those
words.
tone
The author's attitude toward the writing (his characters, the situation) and the readers. (anger, sarcastic, humorous etc.)
internal conflict
conflict that involves a character struggling with emotional or mental obstacles within him/herself
external conflict
conflict that involves a character wrestling with exterior obstacles, such as other people, forces of nature, or a society's beliefs
character vs self
internal conflict - main character must overcome struggles within himself
character vs character
external conflict - main character struggles with the actions, reactions, motivations of another character or characters
character vs nature
external conflict - main character is tormented by natural forces such as storms or animals
character vs society
external conflict - main character struggles againist a group who symbolize society's beliefs
theme
the central idea of a literary work; often an insight about human life.
1st person point-of-view
the main character tells the story
3rd person point-of-view
the narrator is outside the characters and tells us what is happening in the story
protagonist
the main character who must overcome obstacles and resolve the conflict
antagonist
a character, or force, in conflict with the main character
dynamic character
a character who undergoes an important inner change (personality or attitude)
static character
a character who undergoes little or no inner change
round character
a complex character; shows several sides to their personality
flat character
a one dimensional character; can be described in one or two characteristics
root word
the basic word you start with before adding prefixes or suffixes
prefix
a syllable or word that comes before a root word to change its meaning
suffix
follows a word root to change its meaning or part of speech
synonym
a word that means the same as another word
antonym
a word that means the opposite of another word
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