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25 terms

Sweet Spring Block 1 Pharmacology (grouped)

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Direct-Acting Muscarinic Agonist
Acetylcholine, Bethanechol, Carbachol, Pilocarpine, Cevimeline
Indirect acting (acetylcholine-esterase inhibitors)
Physostigmine, Neostigmine, Demecarium, Pyridostigmine, Echothiophate, Malathion, Parathion, Sarin, Soman, edrophonium, Donepezil, Galantamine, Rivastigmine.
AChE regeneration
Pralidoxime (2-Pam)
Muscarinic antagonist
Atropine, Dicyclomine, Oxybutynin, Scopolamine, Tolterodine, Tridihexethyl. Clidinium, Cyclopentolate, Glycopyrrolate, Ipratropium, Mepenzolate, Methantheline, Methscopolamine, Propantheline
Ganglion Blockers (anti-nicotinic)
Trimethaphan, Mecamylamine, hexamethonium
Nonspecific adrenoceptor agonist
Epinephrine (all α and βs), Norepinephrine (all but β 2), Dopamine (dose dep)
Beta-adrenoceptor specific agonist
Isoproterenol (β1 and 2), Dobutamine (β1)
Beta 2 receptor specific
Short Acting: Albuterol, Terbutaline, Metaproterenol, Pirbuterol
Long Acting: Salmeterol, Formoterol
Alpha adrenoceptor specific
Phenylephrine, Xylometazoline, Oxymetazoline, Methoxamine, Midodrine
Alpha 2 adrenoceptor specific
Apraclonidine, Brimonidine, Clonidine, Dexmedetomidine
Indirect acting sympathomimetics (increases Norepinephrine at synapse)
Amphetamine, Cocaine, Methamphetamine, Phenmetrazine, Methylphenidate, Pemoline, Modafinil, Phenylpropanolamine, Pseudoephedrine, Ephedrine, Tyramine
Alpha receptor antagonist (non-specific)
Phenoxybenzamine, Phentolamine
Alpha 1 Specific
Alfuzosin, Doxazosin, Prazosin, Terazosin, Tamsulosin
Beta blockers (non-selective, blocks both beta 1 and 2)
Propranolol, Timolol, Carteolol, Carvedilol, Labetalol, Nadolol, Penbutolol, Pindolol, Sotalol, Timolol
Beta 1 selective blockers
Acebutolol, Betaxolol or Bisoprolol, Esmolol, Atenolol, Metoprolol
Partial beta agonist
acebutolol, carteolol, celiprolol, labetalol, penbutolol, pindolol
Beta blockers with local anesthetic properties
Acebutolol, Labetalol, Metoprolol, Pindolol, propranolol
Beta blockers that also blocks alpha receptors
Labetalol and carvedilol
Beta blocker that also blocks potassium channels
Sotalol
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
Acetazolamide, Dorzolamide, Dichlorphenamide, Methazolamide
Loop Diuretics
Furosemide, Ethacrynic acid, Bumetanide, Torsemide
Thiazides
Bendroflumethiazide, Chlorothiazide, Hydrochlorothiazide, Hydroflumethiazide, Methyclothiazide, Polythiazide, Trichlormethiazide
Sulfonamides similar to Thiazides
Chlorthalidone, Indapamide, Metolazone, Quinethazone
Potassium-sparing Diuretics
Aldosterone antagonists: Eplerenone, Spironolactone
Na+ channel blockers: Amiloride, Triamterene
Osmotic Diuretic
Mannitol