SS ME unit 1 study guide geography
Terms in this set (35)
Land surrounded on 3 sides by water located north of the Red Sea and south of the Mediterranean sea. Borders israel.
Saltiest lake in the world and lowest elevation point on earth. Borders israel and jordan
An area within a desert that has water and vegetation
A narrow body of water that connects 2 larger bodies of water
A river that begins in Turkey and runs south through Syria and Iraq
A river that begins in Turkey and also runs through Iraq
What is the country that both the Euphrates and Tigris rivers run through?
A very important water way that is a major shipping region for oil
What is the Middle East most abundant natural resource?
Strait of Hormuz
Dangerous water way that connects the Persian Gulf to the gulf of oman/Arabian sea
Man made feature that creates a short cut from the red sea to the Mediterranean Sea
A river that begins in Syria and flows south through israel and jordan
What does Rub al Khali mean?
The empty quarter
Rub al khali
Desert in southern portion of the Arabian Peninsula
A country that is surrounded by only land
An area in SW israel that has been disputed by Arabs and Israelis
The process of removing salt from sea water in order to make it usable. Very expensive
What is so unique about the Dead Sea?
Because so much water is taken out of the Jordan river by different groups that depend on it, less and less water reaches the Dead Sea. The dead sea has no outlets
What country in the Middle East is landlocked?
Why is water irrigation and farming a challenge in Southwest Asia?
Eater is a natural resource that is distributed unevenly in the ME.some countries like Turkey and Iraq have major rivers that provides enough drinking water for farming communities
Which countries all beleive that the Jordan River is theirs to use?
Israel, Palestine on the west bank, Jordan
Because the climate is so dry, what does agriculture early always depend on?
Irrigation: directing Water from small rivers and streams to the farmers' fields. There is also some commercial agriculture but even that is limited by the lack of water
DROP EVERYTHING NOW AND STUDY THE MAP
Euphrates river,Tigris river, Rub al khali,Arabian sea, suez canal, red sea,Strait of hormuz, Persian gulf, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Kuwait
Why is the Strait of Hormuz an important waterway?
Any ships coming out of or into the Persian Gulf must navigate through the very narrow Strait of Hormuz located at one end of the Persian Gulf. This waterway connects the Persian Gulf to the Arabian Sea
How did the Suez Canal influence those who lived around the world?
Before the Suez Canal ships had to sail AROUND AFRICA.
- the Persian Gulf is 1 of the main ways oil is shipped from the rich fields of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Iran, and other countries that line it's shores
Describe the Middle East
The countries of the Middle East generally have a very hot and dry climate. Because there are coastal areas as well as a number of large rivers, other parts of this region have enough water to support agriculture and towns/cities of significant size
Hot, dry with some rainfall
Hot, dry with little rainfall
A peice of land surrounded by water on 3 sides
Using technology to measure the water each plant receives.
Define some problems with water usage and rights in Southwest Asia
Countries fight over water to use for agriculture. Disagreements on water rights. Countries upstream (Turkey) setting up dams and countries downstream are upset about pollution or lack or water
Why is oil so important?
One of the most important natural resources found in SW Asia. Brings wealth and increases standard of living.
What is OPEC? Why is it important?
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries created in order to have more control over the supply and price of oil in the world market.
Which nations have the greatest reserves of natural gas and oil?
Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait (Israel doesn't have oil forcing them to invest in technology)
Describe the waterways in the ME that are important for the shipping industry?
Include: the specific bodies of water, the dangers of the Strait of Hormuz, and mention not having to sail around Africa