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Standard Gade Drama Vocabulary

184 SQA definition standard grade drama words/terms
STUDY
PLAY
Accent
Way of speaking used in a local area or country
Articulation
Clear pronunciation of words
Aside
A remark to the audience only
Audience
People watching a drama
Auditorium
The area for the audience, generally filled with seats
Avenue
Audience seated on two sides of the acting area
Backcloth
Canvas cloth which covers the back of the stage: can be painted
Backstage
Non-acting area behind stage
Balance
Keeping an even distribution of weight
Barndoors
Adjustable metal flaps attached to the front of a fresnel spotlight for shaping the beam of light
Blackout
The acting area is not lit
Slow fade to
The lighting/sound is faded out slowly
Fast fade to
The lighting/sound is faded out quickly
Snap to
Blackout is achieved instantly
Blocking
Deciding where and when actors will move on stage
Body language
Messages given by the position or movement of the body
Centre stage (CS)
The centre area of the stage
Centre stage left (CSL)
The left hand centre stage of the acting area as the actor faces the audience
Centre stage right (CSR)
The right hand centre stage of the acting area as the actor faces the audience
Character
Specific person in drama
Characterisation
The process of fully developing a character
Clarity
Clearness of voice
Comedy
A drama which is funny/comical
Conventions
Alternative ways of presenting parts of a drama
Costume
Clothes worn by actors for their characters
Creating
The process of developing a drama's content and roles through practical exploration, experimentation and problem solving
Crossfade
To change from one lighting cue to another with no blackout in between, or to change from one sound cue to another with no silence in between
Cue
A signal for an actor to do or say something, or for a lighting or sound effect to begin or end
Cyclorama
The back wall of the stage which can be painted or lit
Dance drama
A drama presented through dance moves
Dialogue
A conversation between two or more characters
Docu-drama
A documentary style drama, including reconstructions of events
Down stage centre (DSC)
The middle part of the stage nearest the audience
Down stage left (DSL)
The part of the stage nearest the audience on the left as the actor faces the audience
Down stage right (DSR)
The part of the stage nearest the audience on the right as the actor faces the audience
Dramatic irony
Actions or remarks whose significance is not realised by all the characters
Dress rehearsal
Final rehearsal of drama with all the theatre arts
Emphasis
The stress on a word or phrase
End on
Audience seated at one end - acting area at the other
Enter
To come onto stage
Evaluate
To judge the strengths and weaknesses of a drama
Exit
To leave the acting area
Facial expression
Look on face which shows emotion
Flashback
Acting out an event in the past
Flashforward
Acting out of a future or imagined event
Flats
Wooden frames, joined together and covered with canvas, which can be painted
Door flat
Frames into which a door is built
Window flat
Frames into which a window is built
Flies
Area above the stage from where scenery/actors are flown in on pulleys
Flood
Lantern giving a wide spread of light
Fluency
Natural, flowing speech
Focus
Key moment, scene, character, relationship or event in the drama
Focusing
Positioning the lanterns to get the desired lighting
Follow spot
Powerful profile used to follow actors around the acting area
Form
The overall style of the drama
Forum theatre
The audience suggest changes to a drama in order to affect the outcomes
Freeze frame
The action is frozen in time
Fresnel spot
Lantern giving a soft edged beam of light
Front of house (FOH)
Any job in the theatre which involves dealing with the audience e.g. box office, refreshments, usher
Frozen picture
A stage picture held without movement (tableau)
Gauze
See-through material which cannot be seen through when lit from the front, but can be seen through when lit from behind
G-clamp
Clamp used to secure lantern to lighting bar or stand
Gel
Film placed in front of a lantern to change the colour of the beam
Gesture
Movement of the hand or arm which communicates a meaning or emotion
Gobo
Thin metal plate cut out in a pattern and placed in a lantern to project pattern or shape into the acting area
Ground Plan
Bird's eye view of the set showing what is on the set, entrances/exits and the position of the audience
Hot-seating
Questioning a character in role
Intonation
Rising and falling of voice in speech
Key
Explanation of symbols on a ground plan
Make-up
Worn by actors for their characters
Masking
One actor unintentionally preventing another character from being seen by the audience
Masks
Covering for all, or part, of the face
Mime
Stylised form of movement which creates an illusion of reality
Mixing desk
Control desk for sound effects being used in a drama
Monologue
A character speaks their thoughts aloud
Movement
Use of the body as a means of communication
Musical
Drama which includes song and/or music
Narration
Part(s) of a drama are told as a story by a narrator
Pace
Speed of speech or movement
Pantomime
Christmas theatrical entertainment usually based on a fairytale
Pause
A break in speaking; period of silence
Performance
Presentation of a drama to an audience
Personal prop
An item carried or worn by a character e.g. glasses, handbag, wallet
Pitch
How high or low the voice is
Play
Another word for drama
Playwright
Person who has written the play
Plot
Storyline of a drama
Posture
Position of the body - how it is held
Presenting
The results of the Creating process, including performances and evaluation
Profile spot
Lantern giving a hard-edged beam of light
Promenade
Audience follows the action on foot, moving from one location to another
Prompt
To supply forgotten lines to an actor
Prompt copy
Master copy of the script with all moves and technical effects included
Prompt side
Left hand side stage where prompter and stage manager sit during performances
Props
Short for properties- objects used by an actor
Proscenium arch
Stage within an enclosing arch
Pyrotechnics
Stage fireworks
Rake
Slope of stage (to allow actors to be seen)
Register
Appropriate speech for the person being spoken to or the situation
Rehearsal
Practice or preparation of drama
Rehearsed improvisation
Drama devised/created without a script which is rehearsed before presentation
Revolving stage
Stage which turns in a circle
Rhythm
Movements which follow a pattern or beat
Role
Part played by an actor / attitude adopted
Role-play
A means of exploring attitudes and beliefs
Rostra
Blocks or platforms used to create levels
Safety chain
Used to attach a lantern to the lighting bar for safety
Scenario
Outline of the plot of drama, including changes in time or place
Scene
Section of a drama set in one place at one time
Scenery
Resources used to create the setting where a drama takes place e.g. backcloth, flats, rostra, furniture
Script
The written words of a drama
Set (1)
Scenery used to show where a drama takes place
Set (2)
To place a drama in a certain time or place
Set prop
An item placed on the set, usually part of it e.g. lamp, clock, picture
Sight lines
What the audience sees of the stage from where they are sitting
Slow motion
Movement performed in a slowed down speed
Soliloquy
A single, lengthy speech made when no other characters are on stage
Special effects
Used to create a mood or atmosphere on stage e.g. strobe light, mirror ball, smoke machine
Spontaneous improvisation
Drama created 'on the spot' without a script or plan
Spotlight
Beam of light created by a lantern for a person or place on the acting area
Stage directions
Written or spoken advice on how to act a drama
Stage whisper
A loud whisper intended to be heard by the audience
Staging
The position of the acting area relative to the audience
Stance
Attitude or position of the body
Status
Importance relevant to others
Stereotype
An exaggerated portrayal of a type of person
Stimulus
Anything which suggests ideas which can be developed into a drama
Strike Structure
To remove all the set from the acting area
Tableau
A stage picture held without movement
Tabs
Curtains
Target Audience
A specific audience at whom a drama is aimed
Tension
Build up of excitement
Theatre Arts
The collective name for lighting, sound, costume, props, make-up and set
Theatre in the round
The audience is seated all around the acting area
Thought tracking
An aid to characterisation: the character speaks their thoughts out loud
Thought tunnel
An aid to characterisation: character(s) walk past other characters who comment on their situation
Thrust
Audience is seated on three sides of the acting area
Timing
Speaking, movement or pausing at exactly the right moment
Tone
Change of voice to express emotion
Tragedy
A drama about unhappy events with a sad ending
Trapdoor
Door in floor
Treads
Stairs
Truck
Piece of scenery on wheels for ease of movement
Up Stage Centre (USC)
The middle part of the stage furthest away from the audience
Up Stage Left (USL)
The left hand side of the stage furthest away from audience as the actor faces the audience
Up Stage Right (USR)
The right hand side of the stage furthest away from audience as the actor faces the audience
Venue
The place where a drama is presented
Voice-over
Recorded speech played during a drama
Voices in the head
Recall of words said by others about a character or situation
Volume
Loudness or quietness of voice
Wings
Sides of a theatre stage
Blacks
Drapes, which curtain off the sides, or back, of the stage
Balcony
Areas of seating above the stalls
(Dress) Circle
Area of seating above the stalls and below the balcony
Green room
Area in which actors wait when not on stage during a performance
Stalls
Lowest area of seating, not above stage height
LFX
The quick way to write 'lighting effects'
Lighting desk
Control desk for lighting
Wash
The whole acting area is evenly lit
Live (SFX)
An SFX is opperated on cue during the performance e.g. a doorbell, a phone ring, a knock
Pre-recorded (SFX)
An SFX is recorded on tape and played on cue during the performance
SFX
The quick way to write 'sound effects'
Hats
Items worn on head in keeping with the character being played
Jewellery
Items worn on ears, neck or wrists in keeping with costume worn
Wigs
Artificial hair in a variety of colours and styles for any character part
Costume list
A list of all costumes for each charater in a drama
Period costume
Costume which reflects clothing from a time in history
Props table
Table in the wings on which all props are placed for actors to collect as they enter , and replace as they exit
Fake blood
Powder, liquid or capsules which create the effect of bleeding
Foundation
The basic skin colour
Liners
Sticks of make-up in different colours used to create lines, bruises, shading, highlighting etc.
Pencils
Soft pencils in different colours which are easily smudged and blended
Scarring
Scars created with make-up, putty or scarring material
Stipple sponge
Used to create an unshaven look or the appearance of crack veins
Tooth varnish
Used to create the look of missing tooth by blacking out an existing one
Crepe hair
Plaits of artificial hair which can be cut and trimmed to form eyebrows, moustaches and beards
Highlighting
Using light colours to make face areas stand out
Shading
Using colours to make facial areas look shrunken
Sprit gum
Glue used to attach hair to the face
Latex
Liquid rubber which can be used to make skull cap moulds and faulse noses
Nose putty
Type of clay used for altering the shape of the nose or chin and/or making warts and wounds
Skull cap
Plastic head-shaped covering to give appearance of baldness
Portable staging
Lightweight frames and boards for creating levels
Dress the set
Add soft furnishings such as tablecloth, cushions, pictures and pre-set props