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A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to the prototype provides a quick and easy method of including items in a category
A simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgements and solve problems efficiently
A tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past
The tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions, an impediment to problem solving
Judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes. This may lead one to ignore other relevant information
Estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory. If events come immediately to mind, we think they are common.
The tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid or valid conclusions seeming invalid
Clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited
Beginning at about four months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language
The stage in speech development from about age 1 to 2 during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements
Early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram using mostly nouns and verbs
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