300 terms

11H Sem. 1 Final

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Terms in this set (...)

aberration: n
departure from the normal
acquiesce: v
comply; yield
askance: adv
distrustfully
austere: n
severely plain
benign: adj
kindly; harmless
bravado: n
bold behavior intended to impress
choleric: adj
ill-tempered
contrite: adj
sorry; remorseful
expatriate: n
emigrant; exile
expostulate: v
reason earnestly with
hoax: n
rumor designed to deceive the public
idiosyncrasy: n
quirk; eccentricity
invariable: adj
never changing
lachrymose: adj
tearful
lurid: adj
sensationally vivid
machinations: n
plots and plans
mollify: v
soften; appease
necromancy: n
magic
neophyte: n
beginner
nuance: n
something subtle; a fine shade of meaning
proclivity: n
inclination
progeny: n
offspring
sagacity: n
wisdom
superfluous: adj
unnecessary; redundant
supersede: v
replace
temperate: adj
mild; moderate
umbrage: n
hurt pride; tree's shadow
vertigo: n
dizziness
victuals: n
food
virago: n
quarrelsome woman
accolade: n
expression of praise
antiquity: n
the ancient past
ascetic: adj
self-denying; austere
beguile: v
to trick or charm
bulwark: n
a defensive wall; barricade
caustic: adj
biting or cutting (used of language)
clarion: n
sound of a trumpet; call to action
colloquial: adj
local and informal (used of language)
contumacious: adj
scornfully insubordinate
denizen: n
inhabitant
dolorous: adj
sad
drawl: v
speak slowly with words running together
effrontery: n
rude boldness
histrionic: adj
theatrical; melodramatic
ignominy: n
disgrace
inane: adj
silly; foolish
Knell: n
bell toll signifying a death
Labryrinthine: adj
intricate; perplexing; confusing
malevolent: adj
malicious; spiteful
nebulous: adj
vague
Obdurate: adj
stubborn
parsimonious: adj
stingy
pernicious: adj
destructive
plumage: n
a bird's feathers
querulous: adj
constantly complaining
sanguine: adj
cheerful; hopeful; red
saturnine: adj
habitually solemn
soporific: adj
causing sleep
Taciturn: adj
habitually silent
Ubiquitous: adj
existing everywhere
acrimonious: adj
biting; sharp (used of language)
apocryphal: adj
of questionable origin; fictitious
axiomatic: adj
self-evident
bellicose: adj
warlike
bombastic: adj
pompous in language
calumny: n
false, malicious accusation
cognizant: adj
aware
comely: adj
pleasant to look at
dearth: n
scarcity
deference: n
submission to another's will or opinion
dexterous: adj
skillful
disparage: v
belittle
encomium: n
verbal praise
fetter: v
chain; manacle
gainsay: v
deny
harbinger: n
forerunner
indigenous: adj
native
intrepid: adj
fearless
mendicant: adj
begging
misnomer: n
wrong name
opprobrium: n
disgrace; infamy
phlegmatic: adj
sluggish
quixotic: adj
impractical; starry-eyed
redundant: adj
superfluous
squalid: adj
filthy
surfeit: v
fill to excess
tyro: n
beginner; novice
verbose: adj
using more words than needed
vituperation: n
abusive language
waive: v
refrain from enforcing a rule or fee
aeon: n
long period of time (also spelled eon)
averse: adj
reluctant; disinclined
altercation: n
quarrel
blasphemy: n
irreverence
bucolic: adj
pertaining to the pleasant parts of countryside living
carouse: v
revel
charlatan: n
pretender to knowledge; fraud
craven: adj
cowardly
diffident: adj
shy
dirge: n
funeral song
diurnal: adj
active in daytime
esoteric: adj
profound; understood by few
excoriate: v
scold severely
extirpate: v
root out and destroy completely
fracas: n
a noisy argument
fecund: adj
highly productive; prolific
germane: adj
relevant
guile: n
deception; stratagem
impervious: adj
impenetrable; impregnable
incongruous: adj
inconsistent; inharmonious
insipid: adj
flat; tasteless
jeopardize: v
endanger
laconic: adj
sparing of words
mephitic: adj
smelly
nocturnal: adj
pertaining to the night
protocol: n
procedure; code of behavior
reconcile: v
return to harmony
recondite: adj
obscure; understood by few
sundry: adj
of various kinds; mixed
vilify: v
blacken someone's name
execrable: adj
extremely unpleasant
malediction: n
an uttered curse; hex
obstreperous: adj
unruly; rowdy
odium: n
hatred; disgrace
oscillate: v
waver; undulate
paraphrase: v
rephrase
perfunctory: adj
mechanical; spiritless
plethora: n
superabundance
precarious: adj
dangerously uncertain
protuberant: adj
bulging
pusillanimous: adj
cowardly
quandary: n
predicament
quintessence: n
the most perfect state of an essence
raucous: adj
harsh sounding; shrill
reprisal: n
paying back for damage sustained
sanctimonious: adj
hypocritically holy; outwardly religious
scintilla: n
a tiny trace
succinct: adj
concise
surreptitious: adj
stealthy; secret
sycophant: n
servile flatterer
syllogism: n
three sentences in logical sequence (deductive reasoning) ex: Major premise: All men are mortal. Minor premise: Socrates is a man. Conclusion: Socrates is mortal.
tautological: adj
needlessly repetitive; wordy
tenuous: adj
flimsy; slender
tractable: adj
docile
unwonted: adj
unaccustomed
utopian: adj
ideal; visionary
vernacular: n
common speech
wheedle: v
cajole; entice
zealot: n
fanatic
zealous: adj
enthusiastic
abrogate: v
cancel
adamant: adj
persistent; stubborn
affable: adj
sociable
alluvial: adj
pertaining to mud left by running water
bumptious: adj
boldly conceited
CABAL: n
a group plotting secretly - an acronym for five intriguing ministers of Charles II (Clifford, Arlington, Buckingham, Ashley, and Lauderdale), which gave word sinister conno.
captious: adj
quick to find petty fault; hypercritical
catholic: adj
tolerant; universal - "universal, general," from Gk. katholikos,
debacle: n
collapse
desultory: adj
unmethodical, random
doggerel: n
trivial poetry
dudgeon: n
sullen resentment or anger
effigy: n
a model of a person; a dummy
eschew: v
avoid; forego
feckless: adj
cowardly
hackneyed: adj
worn out by use; commonplace
incubus: n
an oppressive weight
inscrutable: adj
impossible to understand
interdict: n
an authoritative prohibition
lackey: n
a servile attendant
loquacious: adj
talkative
missive: n
letter, a written message
niggardly: adj
not generous; stingy
onerous: adj
oppressively burdensome
paroxysm: n
outburst of emotion
quay: n
a pier (pronounced KEE)
ribald: adj
low in language (i.e., using rude or irreverent words), bawdy
tenacious: adj
unyielding, persistent (as in D)
vulpine: adj
crafty; pertaining to foxes
wont: adj
accustomed
abate v
lessen
abet: v
encourage
bastion: n
fortress; stronghold
belabor: v
explain in unnecessary detail
benison: n
blessing
brusque: adj
abrupt; blunt
castigate: v
punish
clandestine: adj
secret
condiment: n
spice
cupidity: n
greed
diatribe: n
abusive speech
ejaculate: v
exclaim
enigma: n
puzzle
hyperbole: n
excessive exaggeration
impugn: v
accuse
invidious: adj
arousing resentment
latent: adj
hidden; not apparent
miscreant: n
villain
moribund: adj
on the point of death
ostentatious: adj
showing off
pilfer: v
steal
proscribe: v
outlaw
regale: v
entertain
reticent: adj
secretive; tight-lipped
stalwart: adj
steadfast; unwavering
substantiate: v
give supporting evidence
truculent: adj
fierce
vagary: n
unexpected and inexplicable change (from Latin vagori, "to wander")
vestige: n
trace
wistful: adj
regretful longing
acumen: n
ability to make sound judgments
aesthetic: adj
pertaining to the beautiful
augury: n
prediction
bowdlerize: v
remove offensive portions in a book
cadence: n
rhythm
cliché: n
a commonplace phrase
coalesce: v
fuse; merge
consensus: n
general agreement
demagogue: n
rabble-rouser (i.e., speaker who appeals to people's prejudices, not logic)
distraught: adj
bewildered; perplexed
dubious: adj
doubtful; of questionable value
ethereal: adj
heavenly
exigent: adj
pressing; demanding
expunge: v
erase
filch: v
steal
flay: v
scold severely; to skin
furtive: adj
secretive
glib: adj
fluent; ease with conversation
hoodwink: v
deceive; dupe
importune: v
plead with
inexorable: adj
unstoppable; pitiless
innuendo: n
insinuation
inure: v
accustom; habituate
itinerant: adj
wandering; nomadic
lacteal: adj
milky
lassitude: n
sluggishness
litigious: adj
disputing at law
lucid: adj
expressed clearly
lugubrious: adj
sad
placebo: n
harmless medicine with no effect; dummy medicine
clerical: adj
secretarial; priestly
discrepancy: n
inconsistency
disparity: n
a great difference
fleet: adj
moving fast
magnanimous: adj
generous; forgiving
magnate: n
a powerful businessman
moratorium: n
temporary halt or prohibition to activity
nefarious: adj
wicked
officious: adj
meddlesome
peripheral: adj
on the edge; unimportant
portentous: adj
prophetic of evil
proboscis: n
nose
prodigal: adj
wastefully extravagant
rancor: n
deep-seated malice
red tape: n
paperwork; official procedure
rococo: adj
extravagantly ornamented
sardonic: adj
mocking
sartorial: adj
pertaining to clothes
scourge: v
punish severely
sinecure: n
a position not requiring much work
subversive: adj
rebellious; revolutionary
sully: v
to dirty; defile
tangible: adj
actual; touchable
temerity: n
rash boldness
trite: adj
stale; commonplace
turgid: adj
swollen
upbraid: v
condemn severely
VACILLATE: v
waver
vernal: adj
spring-like
wily: adj
cunning
absolve: v
free of guilt; pardon; forgive
acolyte: n
novice; young assistant
altruistic: adj
unselfish
apostate: n
a renegade; one who deserts his principles
archetype: n
classic example of
assiduous: adj
attentive; diligent
atrophy: v
waste away
banal: adj
commonplace; boringly ordinary
buttress: v
support; prop up
cache: n
hiding place
cavil: v
find petty fault with
chicanery: n
deception by sharp practice
diabolic: adj
fiendish; devilish
duplicity: n
deception
emollient: n
a preparation that softens the skin
engender: v
to cause
exigency: adj
pressing need
feign: v
pretend
hedonist: n
lover of pleasure
homily: n
sermon
innocuous: adj
harmless
jingoist: n
extreme nationalist
meander: v
wander aimlessly
mitigate: v
moderate; soften; lessen
modicum: n
a small amount
morass: n
bog; swamp
nominal: adj
in name only
nonentity: n
a person of no importance; not famous
noxious: adj
harmful; poisonous
perennial: adj
continually occurring; enduring