150 terms

11H Sem. 2 Midterm

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Terms in this set (...)

antediluvian: adj
outdated; prehistoric (from Latin "before the flood")
anthropocentrism: n
putting man at the center of one's philosophy
argot: n
slang
canard: [kenärd] n
an absurd rumor circulated to deceive the public
cynosure: n
center of attention (from Greek kunosoura, "dog's tail")
deluge: n
a severe flood
façade: n
deceptive appearance or attitude
idyllic: adj
idealized; picturesque
inveterate: adj
habitual
motley: adj
of mixed ingredients
obloquy: [äb-luh-kwee] n
abusive criticism
oracle: n
a prophet; an infallible authority on something
ostensible: adj
apparent
palatable: adj
good to eat; agreeable
pariah: n
outcast
petulant: adj
highly irritable
prosaic: adj
dull; boring; ordinary
prowess: n
outstanding bravery or skill
quell: v
subdue
sententious: adj
pompously moralistic
succulent: adj
juicy
supine: adj
on one's back
talisman: n
charm [e.g., amulet, lucky charm]
tantamount: adj
equal to
testy: adj
easily angered
vapid: adj
tasteless
vicissitudes: n
changes in fortune
virulent: adj
malignant; hostile
wanton: [wäntn] adj
unchecked
waylay: v
lie in wait for (usually to bring about trouble)
agnostic: n
person who claims neither faith nor disbelief in God; a skeptic
arbiter: n
judge
artisan: n
craftsman
atheist: n
person who does not believe in God
bibliophile: n
lover of books
bibliophobe: n
hater of books
confidant: n
a person entrusted with secrets
descendant: n
person blood-related to a particular ancestor
dilettante: n
person who dabbles in a subject without serious study
dotard: n
foolish old man
gourmand: n
lover of good food and drink
hypochondriac: n
person obsessed with health
iconoclast: n
person who opposes orthodoxy
libertarian: n
person who opposes tyranny
lobbyist: n
person who tries to persuade someone to support a particular cause
maverick: n
a loner
minstrel: n
medieval musician or singer
misanthrope: n
hater of the rest of mankind
patron: n
one who gives support (usually financial)
predecessor: n
one who came before
proletarian: n
member of the working class
protégé: n
person under protection of or guided by another
renegade: n
traitor; turncoat
sage: n
a wise person
savant: n
person with knowledge
sentinel: n
guard; sentry
soothsayer: n
fortuneteller
stevedore: n
dockworker
truant: n
shirker; someone absent without permission
vagrant: n
person wandering without a home
ameliorate: v
to better
anathema: n
detestable thing; abomination
anomalous: adj
abnormal; irregular
bounty: n
generosity
callow: adj
immature
canine: adj
pertaining to dogs
celerity: n
speed
circumscribe: v
limit
desecrate: v
render unholy
discursive: adj
rambling (of speech); lacking order
efficacious: adj
potent to produce an effect (SYN: effective)
flagrant: adj
clearly wrong or immoral
hapless: adj
unfortunate
lance: n
spear; spike; javelin
limpid: adj
transparently clear
mercenary: n
person motivated solely by money
piebald: adj
of various colors
rankle: v
fester (continue to cause annoyance or pain)
reconnoiter: v
to survey; investigate
respite: n
temporary relief
salacious: adj
highly indecent
sinuous: adj
winding
stultify: v
render foolish
timorous: adj
fearful
trepidation: n
agitation from fear
unalloyed: adj
pure; total
unconscionable: adj
unreasonable; uninfluenced by conscience
unremitting: adj
without stopping
voluble: adj
talkative (SYN: garrulous, loquacious)
wastrel: n
spendthrift; irresponsible spender
abstemious: adj
moderate, especially in the use of food and drink
archives: n
collections of old records or documents
avouch: v
declare strongly
banter: n
jesting
bourgeois: adj
of the middle class
caldron: n
huge cooking pot
carte blanche: n
complete freedom (French: "blank paper")
chalice: n
cup
circuitous: adj
indirect
circumspect: adj
cautious
commandeer: v
take control of
coruscate: v
sparkle
evanescent: adj
fleeting; vanishing (SYN: ephemeral)
fetid: adj
malodorous
hibernal: adj
wintry
holocaust: n
destruction by fire
impeccable: adj
faultless
invective: n
harsh accusation (SYN: vituperation, castigation)
lucrative: adj
profitable
moot: adj
debatable
myopic: adj
nearsighted
nuptial: adj
relating to marriage; connubial
ogle: v
flirt
parricide: n
murder of a father or mother
pathology: n
deviation from the normal
penury: n
extreme poverty
pithy: adj
meaningful; terse (concise and forcefully expressive)
placate: v
appease; conciliate
precocious: adj
prematurely bright
prevaricate: v
lie
condescend: v
talk down to
congenital: adj
existing at birth
finesse: n
refined skill
plagiarism: n
stealing another's ideas
promulgate: v
make known
quash: v
suppress
raconteur: n
storyteller
recreant: adj
cowardly (SYN: timorous, pusillanimous)
redolent: adj
suggestive; reminiscent
rill: n
a small brook
sanguinary: adj
bloody; gory
scion: n
heir
sidle: v
move sideways
solicitous: adj
anxious
somnolent: adj
sleepy
staid: adj
very grave
subterfuge: n
deceitful evasion; ploy
temporal: adj
pertaining to earthly matters
tirade: n
a long speech of abuse (SYN: diatribe)
turpitude: n
baseness
vacuous: adj
vacant (lack of intelligence, mindless)
vassal: n
slave
vicarious: adj
sharing another's experience
viscous: adj
sticky
voracious: adj
aggressively greedy
wan: adj
pale
wane: v
decrease
wary: adj
cautious
wrangle: v
quarrel
zenith: n
highest point; acme