Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads


Simultaneous existence of incompatible demands, opportunities, needs, or goals

Approach/approach conflict

According to Lewin, the result of simultaneous attraction to two appealing possibilities, neither of which had any negative consequences

Avoidance/avoidance conflict

According to Lewin, the result of facing two undesirable possibilities, neither of which has any positive qualities

Approach/avoidance conflict

According to LEwin, the result of being simultaneously attracted to and repelled by the same goal


Acknowledging a streaaful situation directly and attempting to find a solution to the problem or attain the difficult goal


Any environmental demand that creates a state of tension or threat and requires change or adaptation


Any effort to cope with stress

HEalth Psychology

A subfield with in psychology concerned with the relationship between psychological factors and physical health and illness


A feeling that one must speed up, intensify, or change the direction of one's behavior or live up to a higher standard of performance


The feeling that occurs when a person is prevented from reaching a goal


Attributing one's own repressed motives, feelings. or wishes to others


Taking on the characteristics of someone else to avoid feeling incompetent


Reverting to childlike behavior and defenses


Thinking abstractly about stressful problems as a way of detaching oneself from the problem

Reaction formation

Expression of exaggerated ideas and emotions that are the opposite of one's repressed beliefs or feelings


Deciding on a more realistic solution or goal whan an ideal solution or goal is not practical


Avoiding a situation when other forms of coping are not practical

Defense Mechanisms

Self-deceptive techniques for reducing stress, including denial, repressiong, projection, identification, etc.


REfusal to acknowledge a painful or threatening reality


Excluding uncomfortable thoughts, feelings, and desires from consciousness


Shifting repressed motives and emotions frmo an original object to a substitute object


Redirecting repressed motives and feelings into more socially acceptable channels

General adaptation syndrome

According to Selye, the three stages the body passes through as it adapts to stress: alarm reaction, resistance, and exhaustion


A field of medicine that studies the interaction between stress on the one hand adn immune, endocrine, and nervous system activity on the other

Posttraumatic stress disorder

Psychological disorder characterized by episodes of anxiety, sleeplessness, and nightmares resulting from some disturbing event in the past

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording