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colonial women

women outlive men, had leverage in marriage, and single women were criticized (Salem Witch Trials)

"View of Empire"

Americans were generally loyal subjects and proud to be part of Britain

Salutary Neglect

Stretched from the end of the Glorious Revolution to Sugar Act. Britain did not meddle with the colonies


Greatly effected Colonies b/c of high literacy rates. Ideas spread through colleges. Base of republicanism and revolutionary ideals later seen ex. John Locke = natural rights

Common Sense

Thomas Paine in 1775 justified independence from Britain

On the Necessity of Taking Up Arms

John Dickinson, 1775, Explained the policies colonists had objection with

Letters From a Penn. Farmer

Dickinson, no taxations w/o representation

Boston Masacre

Done by Paul Revere, made the British look evil/belligerent, colonists seemed innocent.

Post Rev. Mindset

wanted reform


principal cash crop before the cotton gin

Treaty of Paris (1763)

France ceded land to UK. UK Became the dominant power in Eastern America. After French and Indian War

Opposition to Townshend Acts

boycotts, nonimportation, making their own stuff.

Townshend Acts

laws placed new taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea

Boston Tea Party

Revolt against Tea Acts

Navigation Acts

Acts preventing the colonies from trading with anyone besides Britain. Expands British trade and limits colonies trade.


Government policy of trying to make more $. Benefit mother country provided protection

Declaratory Act

What Parliament says is final. In response to the repeal of the Stamp Act

Proclamation of 1763

Can't settle east of Appalachian


Church of England, Brought to colonies


Persecuted in Protestant England. Settled in MD


Persecuted in England, settled in NE, intolerant of other religions. Believed in predestination.


(AKA Society of Friends, named Quakers because one of their most prominent speakers shook as he spoke) : Persecuted, settled in PA, tolerant.


Holy experiment, allowed all religions to settle, sold land cheap, encouraged immigration (Attracted mostly Germans who moved to Lehigh Valley)

John Peter Zenger

Newspaper owner, his trial gave more freedom of press

Headright system

Gov't gave land to wealthy who sent people from UK to work the land to get people over to America


First English settlement, settled to make money, disease ridden, fought with Indians


Settled by Separatists in 1620, avoided persecution.

Olive Branch Petition

signed 1775, begged George III to end war

Poor Richards Almanak

By B. Franklin, spread Enlightenment ideas to colonies

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