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11 terms

Ch. 4, "The Ancient Greeks," Sec. 3, "Persia Attacks the Greeks"

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Iran
a theocratic islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia
empire
a monarchy with an emperor as head of state
Persian Gulf
a shallow arm of the Arabian Sea between Iran and the Arabian peninsula,
Persian Wars
Conflicts between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire, ranging from the Ionian Revolt (499-494 B.C.E.) through Darius's punitive expedition that failed at Marathon. Chronicled by Herodotus. (131)
Herodotus
the ancient Greek known as the father of history
rivalry
the act of competing as for profit or a prize
arrogance
overbearing pride evidenced by a superior manner toward inferiors
honor
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mountain pass
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turning point
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treasury
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