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a network of fibers that gives the cell its shape and allows molecules to move around inside the cell
the organelle where photosynthesis, which converts sunlight into sugar (food), takes place
when things go through a cell membrane using energy from the cell; proceeds against the concentration gradient
when things go through a cell membrane using no energy; proceeds down the concentration gradient
protein channel diffusion
when larger molecules pass through the cell membrane using a protein that acts as a tunnel; a form of passive transport
when the cell membrane forms a pocket around what it wants to ingest and engulfs it (pacman style)
when the concentration of a substance is higher outside a cell; causes the cell to shrink
when the concentration of a substance is lower outside a cell; causes the cell to swell up
when the concentration of a substance is the same inside and outside a cell; the cell's size does not change
when an organism has two copies of the same allele; represented with two letters that are the same size
when an organism has two different alleles; represented with one capital letter and one lowercase letter
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