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27 terms

CHAPTER 20 NORTHERN RENAISSANCE

STUDY
PLAY
Atmospheric or Aerial Perspective
a Renaissance technique gives a sense of distance. The further from the viewer the object was placed, the hazier and grayer it became. (due to dust particles and water vapor)
Block Books
woodcuts combining image and text into books
Deposition
placing of the body in the tomb
Diptych
two panel paintings
Disguised Symbolism
A Northern Renaissance technique of giving a spiritual meaning to ordinary objects in the painting, so these detail can carry the spiritual message
Dry Point
printmaking where the design is scratched into the steel plate with a hard, steel tool
Edition
a set of prints created from a single print surface.
Egg Tempera
egg combined with a wet paste of ground pigment
Engraving
V- shaped grooves are cut into a metal plate with a tool balled a burin. The ink is then rubbed into the grooves, the surface of the plate is wiped then printed unto wet paper, which picks up the image
Etching
an acid bath eats into the exposed parts of a plate where the where the artist has drawn through the acid resistant coating
Gesso
plaster mixed with a binding material
Glazes
a thin film of transparent oil
Graphic Art
is related to printmaking-engraving, etching, lithography, serigraphy and woodcut. All these images can produce multiple copies
Hatching
fine lines are cut or drawn close together to create the effect of shading
Impasto
creamy, heavy bodied paint
Intaglio
the artist incises or scratches an image on a metal plate
Letterpress
printing with movable type
Linear Perspective
a technique which made it possible to represent three dimensional objects on a flat surface in a systematic way, so that all the lines receding at right angles on the picture plane converge at a vanishing point on the horizon
Medium
material
Oil paint
paint pigments mixed in a viscous, slow-drying oil medium which dries by oxidation and blends easily. It can be used as a glaze or a heavy impasto
Polyptychs
(usually hinged wood) multipaneled paintings
Relief
carving into the surface of a block and removing the negative space so the image is raised.
Retablo
the Spanish word for altarpiece. A decorative screen set behind an altar
Rotunda
a round building usually with a dome
Sfumato
softened outline which results in a smoky haze
Triptych
three panel painting
Woodcut
the carving of a woodblock so the background is removed. The raised image is inked with a roller and then put through a press