close to equator warm temp rainfall all year receives direct sunrise all year rising warm air rain forests monsoons
characteristics of dry climate areas:
generally centered about 30 degrees north and south of equator subtropical high-pressure zone causes sinking dry air, with little rain. winters may be very cold, summers very hot hardy plants and animals.
found in areas closer to the equator
sometimes called the tropical savanna climate
tropical wet and dry
centered about 30 degrees north and south of the equator
transition zone between arid climate and more humid climates
found along coastal areas of southern Europe and along west coast of continents with cool ocean currents
found on the west coat of continents in the upper middle latitudes
marine west coast
has the most changeable weather conditions
located generally about 50* north latitude
what area produces permafrost?
found in earths polar regions
can have varying climates because of changes in elevation
what is an ecosystem?
it is a community of plants and animals in an area.
vegetation: mixed forests
vegetation: shrub, woodland, grassland
vegetation: sparse drought, resistant plants, many barren, rocky or sandy
vegetation: tropical rainforests
vegetation: northern evergreen forests
moss, lichens, low shrubs, permafrost bogs in the summer
The precipitation that occurs when moist air rises up the side of a mountain. As the air rises, it cools down and releases most of its moisture as rain or snow.
A violently rotating column of air stretching from a cloud to the ground
the low-rainfall region that exists on the leeward (downwind) side of a mountain range. This rain shadow is the result of the mountain range's causing precipitation on the windward side.
fierce tropical storms with strong winds
hurricane-like storms that form in the warm waters of the Tropics