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hyaline cartilage covering that keeps bone ends from crushing when compressed; resilient
Ligaments, fibrous capsule and muscle tendons
resists tension placed on joints and helps prevent dislocation
lubricant that minimizes friction and abrasion of joint surfaces and keeps joints from overheating
movements of flexion, extension, abduction, & adduction in the shape of a "cone" in space
a bar or plate of cartilage unites the bones and usually disappears (ossifies) with age
articular surfaces covered with hyaline cartilage which fuses into a pad or plate of fibrocartilage; example: intervertebral joints
tough, external part of the articular capsule; continuous with the periosteum of bone
inflammation or degeneration of the joints - most widespread and crippling disease in the US - over 100 different types
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