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Terms in this set (33)
control or contain hazardous conditions
Fire Detection systems
detect hazardous conditions
A concrete firewall & sprayed-on structural fire protection are examples of ?
Passive fire protection
Fire protection systems require?
outside intervention or mechanical support
battery powered smoke alarms were introduced
George Andrew Darby patented the 1st heat indicator
the 1st commercially successful automatic fire sprinkler system was patented.
Station Nightclub, West Warwick, RI, 2oo3 was caused by?
pyrotechnics igniting soundproofing foam during a band performance.
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, New York City, 1911 fire had?
145 fatalities & egress was made difficult because 1 of 2 exit doors were locked.
The Beverly Hills Supper Club, Southgate, KY, 1977 fire caused?
165 fatalities & were believed to be electrical in nature.
The Winecoff Hotel, ATL, 1946, fire caused?
119 fatalities & egress was a made impossible because the building had only 1 exit stairway which became impossible early in fire's development.
The concept of the Three E's of Prevention came as a ?
result of a report by the President's Conference of The Five Prevention
The report America Burning was produced by?
The National Commission on Fire Prevention & Control
Automatic fire suppression system suppresses the fire hazard by?
applying a fire suppression medium to the fire
Smoke control/exhaust system mechanically removes?
smokes & other products of combustion.
Manual fire suppression systems include?
Standpipes, fire hoses, and fire extinguishers.
Automatic fire detection & alarm systems do what?
alert occupants but do not slow the growth of fire
Manual fire alarm systems require?
Activation by individuals upon discovery of a fire and includes devices such as pull stations
In order for standards or codes to be enforceable, they must be adopted by?
the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
a code is a law or body of ?
regualations for a political subdivision
adoption of standards & codes in which the entire code is?
Copied into a regulation is referred to as adoption by transcription
adoption of standards & codes in which the regulation states that?
the code is legally enforceable as part of the fire & life safety regulation is referred to as adoption by reference
The International Code Council (ICC)
was established in 1994 by 3 organizations that had previously developed separate sets of model codes used in the US.
American Society for Testing & materials (ASTM)
Develops testing processes that other testing organizations use in the development of safety products.
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL)
Has been testing products & writing standards for safety since 1894
is an independent organization that works to provide property improvements for business owners to prevent risk
American National Strandards Institute (ANSI)
Coordinates the development & use of voluntary consensus standards in the US.
Estimates by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) & the United States Administration (USFA) state that from 1975 to 2000 the number of home fire deaths was cut
Nearly in half
estimates by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) & the United States Fire Administration (USFA) state that from 1975 to 2000 the U.S home usage of smoke alarms was at least
according to the US Fire Administration (USFA),
property losses in building protected by fire sprinklers compared to those without sprinklers are 85%
Priorities for the promotion of fire & life safety for the Fire & Life Safety Section of the International Assocation of Fire Chiefs (IAFC) include
Reducing firefighter fire ground deaths to zero & reducing death from structure fires to zero
Home smoke alarms
Are widely credited as the greatest success story in fire safety in the last part of the 20th century
The National Fallen Firefighters Foundation through its Everyone Goes Home program promotes
Advocacy for the enforcement of codes & installation of home fire sprinklers.
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