Intro to Drawing Terms

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Terms in this set (...)

Shape
An enclosed, 2-dimensional flat line posessing height and width.
Objective Shape
A naturalistic shape.
Non-Objective Shape
Invented with no natural references.
Implied Shape
A "psychologically suggested" shape.
Amorphous Shape
Formless, indistinct, without clear definition.
Biomorphic/Organic Shape
Resembles free flowing forms of organisms and growing forms in nature.
Geometric Shape
Simple shapes related to geometry (circle, square, triangle, etc.)
Space
The sense of depth or lack thereof.
Positive Space
Occupied space, the dominant areas that protrude from the space.
Negative Space
Unoccupied space, the least dominant areas that recede in space.
Structural Ambiguity
An area/space seen as positive one time and negative at another.
Subject
The 'what' of a work of art.
Subject Matters
Genre (still life, landscape, figurative, etc.)
Form
The total appearance of the work of art.
Content
The 'why' of a work of art (The message, idea or feeling).
Expression
The manifestation of artistic idea or emotion.
Function
Purpose and use of a work of art.
Art Elements
An artist's basic visial 'building blocks' or essentials (line, shape, value, etc.)
Design
A formal organization, composition and conception of a work of art.
Composition
The arrangements of art elements in a picture plane.
Visual Literacy
The ability to transform thoughts and information into images.
Visual Metaphor
Images in which characteristics of objects are likened to one another and represented as that other.
Aesthetics
The study of beauty and theories about the nature and components of aesthetic experience.
Picture Frame
The picture's outermost boundaries.
Picture Plane
The flat working surface.
Craftsmanship
Skilled use of materials.
Technique
A special way of using a particular medium.
Style
Individual artistic character or an historic period.
Medium/Media
Materials employed.
Media
Plural of materials used.
Mixed Media
An artwork in which more than one type of media is used to create the finished piece.
Multimedia
Computer programs that involve users in the design, and organization of text, graphics, video and sound in one presentation.
Two-Dimensional
Essentially flat, posessing dimensions of height and width.
Plane
A shape or area that is essentially two-dimensional.
Graphic Art
Work related to two-dimensional forms like drawing, painting, prints, photography, etc.
Three-Dimensional
Having or creating the illusion of depth along with heighth and width.
Structure
The way in which parts are arranged or put together to form a whole.
Mass
In graphic art, a shape that appears to stand out three dimensionally from its surrounding space .
Mood
The state of mind or feeling communicated in a work of art.
Motif
A unit repeated over and over in a pattern.
Shade
Color (hue) + black
Tint
Color + white
Tone
Color + gray
Contrast
The difference of value in adjacent areas.
Foreground
Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be nearer the viewer or in the front
Middleground
Area of a two-dimensional work of art between foreground and background
Background
The part of a picture plane that seems to be the farthest from the viewer
Atmospheric Perspective
Also called aerial perspective; less detail and lower contrast in the background to create depth or deep space.
Linear Perspective
A graphic system used by artists to create the illusion of depth and volume on a flat surface.
Objective Art
Art based on the physical or optical perception-tending to appear natural or specific
Subjective Art
Art that is a product of the mind or is invented
Descriptive Art
Based upon observations and the adherence to visual appearances
Representational Art
An expression bringing to mind an actual object (may be invented or observed)
Abstract Art
Traditionally characterized by simplification and rearrangement based upon nature
Nonobjective Art
Completely invented-pure form
Gesture Drawing
The drawing of lines quickly and loosely to show movement in an object.
Virtual
An image that is of the imagination, not of the real world
Assemblage
A three-dimansional composition in which a collection of objects is unified in a sculptural work
Collage
An artistic composition of various materials glued on a surface
Installation Art
Filling a room with objects in a museum to express a concept and create a multisensory, multi-dimensional experience for the viewer
Performance Art
A type of art in which events are planned and enacted before an audience for aesthetic reasons
Printmaking
The transferring of an inked image from one surface to another
Point of View
The angle from which a viewer sees the object(s) or scene
Portfolio
A systematic, organized collection of artwork
Value
Lightness and darkness
Achromatic
Devoid of hue; black, white and grays
Shadow
The darker value on the surface of an object farthest away from the light source
Cast Shadow
The dark area that occurs on or is cast upon a surface as a result of something being placed between that surface and a light source
Contrast
The difference of value in adjaceng areas
Chiaroscuro
A technique of representation that blends light and shade gradually to create the illusion of 3-dimensional objects in space or atmosphere
Local Value
The innate value of the object
Horizon Line
The implied line placed on a two-dimensional surface to represent the point in nature where the sky meets the horizontal land or water plane
Point of View
The level at which the viewer or artist depicts the objects in the picture from
Worms Eye View
A very low point of view; objects in the picture will be seen from underneath
Birds Eye View
A very high point of view; objects are seen from the top
Pictorial Space
The implied or illusionary space in a painting or other two-dimensional work as it appears to recede backward from the picture plane
Vanishing Point
In linear perspective, the point on the horizon line at which lines or edges that are parallel appear to converge
One Point Perspective
Is a method of drawing objects in space where there is only one vanishing point
Two Point Perspective
A method of drawing objects in space were there is two or more different planes moving back awag from the picture plane (at least two vanishing points)
Forshortening
Is the representation of forms on a two-dimensional surface so that the long axis appears to projecf toward the viewer