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Poetry Terms

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Lines
the FORM in which poems are written; may not be complete sentences
Stanza
a GROUP OF LINES; a "paragraph" of poetry
Rhyme
words that end in SIMILAR SOUNDS, e.g. cat, hat
Repetition
words, phrases, or lines that are REPEATED for effect
Onomatopoeia
words with names that suggest their MEANINGS, e.g. bang, buzz
Imagery
words that appeal to the FIVE SENSES
Simile
a comparison of 2 things using "LIKE" OR "AS," e.g. He is as fast as lightning.
Metaphor
a comparison of 2 UNLIKE THINGS, e.g. The pizza was a garden of vegetables.
Personification
giving HUMAN QUALITIES to non-human objects, e.g. The trees were dancing in the wind.
Speaker
the person who NARRATES the poem
Alliteration
the repetition of the SAME INITIAL CONSONANT SOUND
Free Verse
a poem that DOES NOT HAVE A PATTERN OF RHYME
Rhythm
the steady BEAT AND FLOW of a poems' rhyme
Meter
pattern of stressed and unstressed SYLLABLES
Theme
the meaning or MESSAGE of a poem