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13th Amendment

outlawed slavery

14th Amendment

gave full rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the US, expect for Native Americans

15th Amendment

gave African American ment the right to vote

Black Codes

laws passed in the southern states during Reconstruction that greatly limited the freedom and rights of African Americans


northern born Republicans who moved south after the war in hopes to profit from Reconstruction


an escaped slave who joined the Union army during the Civil War

Freedman's Bureau

an agency established by Congress to help poor people throughout the South


a warship that is heavily armored with iron


the period following the Civil War when the US government worked to reunite the nation and to rebuild the southern states


Southern Republicans


process used by Congress to bring charges of wrongdoing against a public official

Border States

slave states that did not join the Confederacy

Habeas Corpus

constitutional right which guarantees evidence must be used to prove a person's guilt during a trial

Cotton Diplomacy

southern war strategy dependent on Great Britain's support to buy raw materials for their textile industry


the freeing of slaves


midwesterners who supported the Confederacy and opposed the freeing of slaves

Total War

practiced by Union General Sherman during the March to the Sea

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