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22 terms

Chapter 11 The Roman Republic

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Aneas
Great Trojan hero who led his followers from the Trojan War in Troy to Italy
Romulus and Remus
Twin brothers who legend says were rescued by wolves and later built a city named Rome (Romulus killed Remus and then named the city after himself)
Republic
People elect leaders to govern them.
Dictators
Rulers with almost absolute power.
Cincinnatus
One of Rome's famous dictators who defended the city against a powerful enemy in 458 BC
Plebeians
Common people
Patricians
Nobles
Magistrates
Elected officials who made up a part of Rome's government.
Consuls
Two most powerful magistrates
Roman Senate
A council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised the city's leaders.
Veto
To prohibit action by other officials - means to forbid
Latin
The Roman's language
Checks and Balances
Keep any one part of a government from becoming stronger or more important that another.
Forum
Rome's public meeting place.
Legions
Groups of up to 6,000 soldiers who were divided into 100 men (centuries)
Punic Wars
Fought against Carthage, a city in northern Africa that were particulary fierce.
Hannibal
Army leader of Carthage who defended his city against Rome during the Second Punic War.
Gaius Marius
A consul who encourage poor people to join the Roman Army in the late 100s BC.
Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Became consul in 88 BC who had a conflict with Marius which led to a civil war in Rome.
Spartacus
Gladiator who rose up and led slaves to demand freedom.
Primary
First or most significant
Purpose
What something is used for