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68 terms

9th Grade English Midterm

STUDY
PLAY
alliteration
repetition of the same initial consonant sound
anaphora
repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of sucessive clauses
assonance
repetition of the same internal vowel sound in words
metaphor
comparison between two unlike things
onomatopoeia
use of words to imitate sounds
simile
comparison between two things using like or as
pun
play on words
anachronism
assignment of something to a time when it was not in existance
personification
figure that endows animals and inanimate objects with human capabilities
allusion
reference in a literary work to another event or character
apostrophe
figure where the speaker talks directly to a nonhuman object
foreshadowing
providing hints of what is to come
irony
unexpected outcome or event
mood
atmosphere or feeling
point of view
speaker perspective
setting
time and place of a story
theme
uniting message of a story
tone
author's attitude toward a subject
blank verse
non-rhyming poetry
foil
characters who are directly opposed to one another
symbolism
use of objects to represent abstract ideas
tragic hero
protagonist who comes to a bad end as a result of their own behavior
tragic flaw
single characteristic which causes the downfall of the protagonist
Elizabeth I
English Protestant queen who reigned from 1558-1603 during Shakespeare's time "The Virgin Queen"
James Stuart
English king, successor of Elizabeth I
Great Chain of Being
belief in order and harmony for all beings
Elements
belief that the world is made up of fire, earth, water, and air
Humors
belief that each human consists of four bloods/humors choleric, sanguine, phlegmatic, and melancholic
Martin Luther
leader of the Protestant Reformation in 1517
Henry VIII
English king who separated from the Catholic Church to annull his marriage, creating the Church of England
Mary I
English queen and sister of Elizabeth I who restored England to its Catholic faith
petty school
school for young boys to learn manners and good behavior
grammar school
school for older boys to learn Latin and other subjects in preparation for University
Globe Theater
theater where most of Shakespeare's plays were performed by all men
William Shakespeare
playwriter and actor 1564-1616, wrote 38 plays and 154 sonnets and lived in Stratford-upon-Avon
comedy
light-hearted and funny play
tradgedy
drama where characters suffer great disasters or misfortunes and has a negative outcome
history
play that features historical characters or events
groundlings
poor spectors of performances that were in the pit/courtyard
stage
platform that extended into the pit
second level gallery
upper stage area used for balcony scenes
trapdoors
openings in the stage used for ghosts
heavens
area above stage used for angelic beings
iambic pentameter
stressed, unstressed line meter in 10 syllables
prose
ordinary writing that is not song or poetry, usually spoken by lower-class characters in Shakespeare plays
plot
sequence of events in a literary work
exposition
plot beggining introducing the characters, setting, and situation
inciting moment/initial incident
event which begins the plot
conflict
struggle that develops, man vs. self, man, nature, society
protagonist
good guy
antagonist
bad guy
crisis
moment where protagonist's situation either gets better or worse
climax
turning point of the plot
resolution
end of conflict
denouement
final explanation of the plot after the resolution
theme
central idea which gives insight into life explaining the downfall
round character
character with many personality traits
flat character
character with only one personality trait
static character
character who remains the same throughout the play
dynamic character
character that changes during the plot
monologue
one character speaking while other characters are on stage
soliloquy
character speech expressing thoughts and feelings with no other characters on stage
aside
words spoken in an undertone, not to be heard by other characters
direct address
words that tell the audience who is being addressed
dramatic irony
contradiction between what a character thinks and what the audience knows
verbal irony
words used to suggest the opposite of what is meant
situational irony
event that contradicts the expectations of the characters or audience
comedic relief
comedy used to relieve tension or tragedy