32 terms

Devil's Arithmetic

What is the first setting of the story? (describe time period, physical setting)
Modern - 1980s-2000s; New Rochelle, New York - urban
Describe the second of the book. (the shtetl)
Poland; 1942; rural
Explain how the "brilliant sunsets and soft breezes" and bright flowers are ironic in the story?
They contrast with the horrific events that occur in the camps; nature usually reflects the plot in stories.
Why do you think that the Nazis use euphemisms?
They don't want to leave any kind of record, verbal or otherwise, of what goes on in the camps. Also, "processed" and "chosen" are more vague terms that do not specifically pertain to a human life. The Nazis want to dehumanize Jews and do not feel as if they are taking human lives.
Name four examples of the bird motif.
A bird flying across the sky when Hannah is transported; a rooster crows when she awakens in the morning; Yitzchak bring chickens; swallows dive down to get the bugs.
What do you think the bird motif represents?
(this is just what I think) The birds represent the Jews and their situation. Birds are often used to describe someone's feelings - e.g. Gitl calls Hannah a whimpering bird.
Give some examples of the moon motif?
During the seder, the moon is full and squeezed between two buildings. At the village, a moon is hung between two gray clouds.
What do you think the moon motif represents?
It represents change that will come soon. (transported after seder, Nazis come)
What are some examples of the blue motif? (idk if it actually is one though)
Aaron afikoman; blue ribbons; blue scarf; eyes of shmuel and reuven
What do you think the blue motif represents?
Although the blue ribbons were taken away, Gitl organized a blue scarf for Hannah; although Shmuel died, he and Fayge were finally happy; it represents how even though the Jews go through hard times, they still persevere.
What are the two types of conflict in the story?
Internal - Man vs. Man (Hannah v. Herself) and External - Group vs. Group (Nazis v. Jews)
Explain the Internal conflict in the story.
Hannah doesn't want to remember her Jewish history and does not appreciate and have empathy for her ancestors.
Explain the external conflict in this story.
The Nazis are exterminating Jews.
What is the point of view? And describe it.
3rd person limited - the reader is allowed access to the thoughts, feelings ,and memories of only one character.
What are the pronouns used in 3rd person limited?
he, she, they
What is third person omniscient?
Reader is allowed access to thoughts, feelings, and memories of all characters.
What is tone?
feeling conveyed; attitude
What are the themes of this book?
It is important to remember the past, especially times of great hardship; these memories inspire us to persevere through our own struggles. it is important to have empathy for your ancestors and those who came before you.
What are the purposes of the metaphors in this book?
1) to show Hannah remembering - she compares people to people in her past life 2) references to Jewish culture and motifs add to the story
Who is/are the protagonist in the story?
The Jews - especially the fighting ones like Gitl, yitzchak, shmuel, chaya, rivka, etc.
Who are the antagonists of the story?
The Nazis - guards, breuer, blokova
What is the climax of the story?
when Hannah sacifices her life for Rivka
What is the climax of the internal conflict?
when she is struggling between going towards the image of the two girls at the water fountain - she realizes she must choose to remember
Who is Grandpa will's wife?
Grandma belle
Who is chaya's dad?
Who is Fayge's father?
Rabbi Boruch
How were the blokova's fingers chopped off and why is this ironic?
Every time she lets the Jews get out of hand, she has a finger chopped off; this is ironic because although she acts like she is in charge, she is really just a prisoner like them who is at the mercy of the Nazis.
How is Gitl independent?
she doesn't marry
Describe Shifre's personality.
shifty eyed; pale; freckles; not very loyal - immediately agrees not to associate with esther if she becomes a musslemen, while hannah is reluctant
How is the young rivka similar to the adult eva?
they have the same memorization system - big brown eyes, magical way of organizing things and knowing everything - hannah is in awe of both of them
What quality in Gitl does her telling Hannah never to cry in front of the Nazis illustrate?
her pride
How does Gitl's sense of communicate manifest in the camps?
She focuses on taking care of the children and always shares her food; relatinship with Hannah strengthens