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17 terms

Bju Press Science 6 Chapter 6 Part B

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Xylem
Tubes that carry water and minerals from the roots to the top of the plant
Phloem
Tubes that carry sugars and food throughout the plant
Vascular Bundles
A group of tubelike structures in a plant
Cambium
A layer of cells between the xylem and phloem that reproduces to make more xylem and phloem
Tuber
An underground stem that stores food for a plant
Herbaceous
Having soft green stems
Primary Root
The first root that emerges from a seed
Taproot
A thick, long root that grows straight down into the soil
Fibrous Root
A thin root that grows out in all directions when the primary root stops growing
Aerial Roots
Roots that never touch the soil
Angiosperms
A vascular plant that has flowers and protects its seeds inside a fruit
Annual
A angiosperm that lives for only one growing season
Biennial
An angiosperm that lives for two growing seasons
Perennial
An angiosperm that lives for three or more growing seasons
Cotyledons
The tiny seed leaves of the plant embryo
Dicotyledons
Have two cotyledons in their seeds
Monocotyledons
Have one cotyledon in their seeds