Honors Biology 1.2
Terms in this set (28)
What is bias in scientific terms and how is it relevant to science?
It is important for the researcher to remain neutral or objective when conducting scientific research. A bias is a position for favoring one particular point of view over another, and it is usually based on preconceived ideas about a situation.
Who do you think the ethical rules about scientific research are aimed toward? Who do they protect?
When presenting their research to others, an ethical scientist would not falsify results, lie about their results, or plagiarize (steal other peoples ideas or work).
Ethics, also called moral philosophy, is the discipline concerned with what is morally good and bad, right and wrong
Scientists who conduct themselves ethically treat people (called subjects) who are involved in their research respectfully. Subjects are not allowed to be exploited deliberately, exposed to harm, or forced to do something they do not agree to.
How has biotechnology affected modern life?
Biotechnology combines scientific fields such as genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, and cell biology.
Identify an ethical issue that is raised by biotechnology.
With new challenges in public health and health policy, and with advances in biotechnology, bioethics is a fast-growing academic and professional area of inquiry. Some recent bioethical debates also include:
Refusal of medical treatment - The choice of a patient to refuse certain life-saving medical procedures such as a blood transfusion, or refusal by a parent or guardian for medical treatment for the patient.
Euthanasia - The choice by a terminally ill person to have medical assistance in dying.
Stem cell research - Research involving stem cells, which can be harvested from human embryos.
Animal cloning - The ability and usefulness of scientists cloning animals for various needs, such as vaccine development, tissues for transplant into humans such as heart valve, and increased food production.
Identify an ethical issue that is raised by media coverage of science.
It is important to remember as a member of the public that some popular science news articles can be misleading.
Why is it a good idea to study science even if you do not want to become a career scientist?
Because we are surrounded by it every day!
What are three sources of funding for scientific research?
1. Private donors
2. Military funding (such as through the Department of Defense)
3. Corporate sponsorship
How might ethics affect funding for scientific research?
Funding priorities for specific research can be influenced by the ethical beliefs or reservations of elected public officials, or influenced by the public during constitutional amendment elections
A brief, usually one-paragraph, summary of the work.
A conference for researchers (not always academics) to present and discuss their work.
The ability and usefulness of scientists cloning animals for various needs, such as vaccine development, tissues for transplant into humans such as heart valve, and increased food production.
People concerned with the ethical questions that arise in the relationships among biology, biotechnology, medicine, politics, law, and philosophy.
An interdisciplinary field which helps solve biological problems using computers; may also be called computational biology.
The use of microorganisms to clean up contaminated sites, such as an oil spill.
Technology based on biology; it involves the use of organisms or biological processes and can be especially used in agriculture, food science, and medicine.
conflict of interest
A situation in which a researcher has professional or personal interests that are at odds with each other.
The choice by a terminally ill person to have medical assistance in dying.
The discipline concerned with what is morally good and bad, right and wrong.
The process of opening a scientist's research or ideas (in the form of a scientific paper) to examination by others scientist who are experts in the same field.
The ability to repeat experiments and get the same results.
A person that does scientific investigations and makes discoveries.
A publication with news, opinions and reports about science; written for a non-expert audience.
A scientific article discussing new research and findings; usually published in a scientific journal.
The collective judgment, position, and opinion of a community of scientists in a particular field of science, at a particular time.
A publication that communicate and document the results of research carried out in universities and various other research institutions.
The violation of standard codes of scholarly conduct and ethical behavior in professional scientific research.
stem cell research
Research involving stem cells, usually harvested from human embryos.
A bias that is introduced from a flaw in measurements.
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