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Fort Laramie Treaty

Agreement with the northern Plains Indians that allowed the U.S government to build forts and roads in Indian homelands while promising to pay for any damage to Indian land.


Federal lands set aside for American Indians.

Sand Creek Massacre

Surprise attack led by Colonel John M. Chivington in which some 200 peaceful Cheyenne in southeastern Colorado were killed.

Bozeman Trail

Trial used by miners, named after pioneer John M. Bozeman; ran from Wyoming to Montana.

Treaty of Medicine Lodge

Agreement between the U.S government and southern Plains Indians in which most of the tribes agreed to live on reservations.

Battle of the Little Bighorn

"Custer's Last Stand"; battle between U.S. soldiers led by George Armstrong Custer and Sioux warriors led by Crazy Horse; resulted in the worst defeat of the U.S. Army in the West.

Long Walk

Three-hundred-mile march made by Navajo captives to a reservations in Bosque Redondo, New Mexico, that led to the deaths of hundreds of Navajo.

Ghost Dance

A religious movement among American Indians that spread across the Great Plains in the 1880s.

Massacre at Wounded Knee

U.S. Army's killing of approximately 150 Sioux at Wounden Knee Creek in South Dakota; ended U.S.-Indian wars on the Great Plains.

Dawes General Allotment Act

Legislation passes by Congress that split up Indian reservation lands among individual Indians and promised them citizenship;goal was to lessen tribal influence.

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