32 terms

world history patterns of interaction chapter 13 vocabulary

Medievel terms
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middle ages
The historical period from around 500 A.D. up to around 1450 A.D. between the fall of Rome and the birth of the Renaissance
Franks
Germanic people who lived and held power in Gaul. Their leader was Clovis and he would later bring Christianity to the region. By 511 the Franks had united into one kingdom and they controlled the largest and strongest parts of Europe.
Carolingian Dynasty
a Frankish dynasty founded by Pepin the Short who was Charlemagne's father that ruled from 751 to 987
Charlemagne
Also known as 'Charles the Great' - a germanic king who was a famous military leader, improved life, established order, supported education and culture, eventually crowned 'Roman Emperor' by Pope Leo III. Built a kingdom greater than any known since ancient Rome. He was 6 feet 4 inches tall!
Status
social position - a social ranking
troubadours
Traveling poet-musicians at the castles and courts of Europe
Lay Investiture
The appointment of Church bishops and abbots by secular rulers, often in exchange for protection.
Barbarossa
Frederick I's nickname, because of his red beard - means 're beard' in Italian
Holy Roman Empire
Charlemagne's empire set up in Western Europe when he was made the Roman Emperor in the year 800. It was created by the Pope in an attempt to unite Christendom under one rule. At times the territory of the empire was extensive and included Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and parts of Italy and the Netherlands.
icon
a religious image or symbol
guild
A medieval organization of crafts workers or trades people.
longbow
a powerful wooden bow drawn by hand
secular
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion
feudalism
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
clergy
persons with the authority to perform religious services.
vassal
in feudal Europe, a person who received a grant of land ( a fief) from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services
flying buttress
a wall used to support the outside of a wall and acted as a wind brace. A part of Gothic Architecture
patriarch
a man who is head of a family
tithe
to give ten percent of one's income for the support of a church
fief
land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service
manor
A large estate, including the lord's home and often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
chivalry
The code that knights had to follow, which included obeying his lord, being brave, showing respect to women of noble birth, honoring the church and helping the weak and poor
sacraments
important religious ceremonies such as baptism, marriage, etc.
vernacular
the everyday speech of the people which can be different than written speech.
knight
an armed, mounted warrior of the feudal period who gives military service to a lord in exchange for fief (land) and honor.
monasteries
Religious communities isolated from the rest of society
interdict
Popes consider this to be their "spiritual weapon"; what you faced if you violated Church laws; which excluded an entire town, region, or kingdom from participating in most sacraments and from receiving Christian burial - therefore they were all doomed to hell.
serf
peasants on a manor; they were bound to the land - they could not lawfully leave the place where they were born. They were not slaves who could be bought and sold—still they were not free. What their labor produced belonged to the lord of the land.
excommunication
the most severe penalty for refusing to obey Church laws; if you were excommunicated - could not be buried on sacred ground and could not receive the sacraments therefore you would be denied salvation.
lord
in the middle ages, a noble who owned and controlled all activities on his manor
tournaments
contest where knights could fight; useful in helping knights train for war
canon law
another name for Church laws that all medieval Christians were subject to such as marriage and religious practices.