11 terms

Development of the English Language

For Gleiner's Honors classes.
3500 B.C.
Indo- European migration begins
1500 B.C.
Celtic peoples established in Britain
55 A.D.
Romans withdraw
-all Roman presence eliminated from Britain
449 A.D.
Germanic tribes (including the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes) invade Britain
-tribes speak a group of languages called Anglo-Saxon, now called Old English
-Celts (original Britains) resist invasions because of Dux Bellorum (Duke of Battles) who was believed to be the source for King Arthur
-language remained virtually unchanged
525 A.D.
Events depicted in Beowulf
597 A.D.
St. Augustine introduces Christianity to Anglo-Saxons
-Introduction of writing
725 A.D.
Beowulf transcribed in Old English
793 A.D.
Vikings invade and conquer parts of northern and central England
-Vikings speak Old Norse, which influences Old English
-New vocabulary is introduced
-Old English started to have word endings replaced by propositions and word order becomes more important
1066 A.D.
William the Conqueror and the Norman French win the Battle of Hastings and gain control of Britain
-Norman invaders speak Old French, which becomes the dominant language for about a century
-Middle English is developed, borrowing french words
1386 A.D.
Chaucer begins to write The Canterbury Tales in Middle English
1564 A.D.
Birth of Shakespeare