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AP Human Geography Ch. 1 Key Issue #3
Terms in this set (36)
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and results in making something worldwide in scope
Define Transnational Corporation
A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in multiple countries
How has modern technology played a role in globalization?
Increasingly uniform cultural preferences produced uniform global landscapes of material artifacts and of cultural artifacts and of cultural value.
Examples of how modern technology has played a role in globalization
Houses, fast food restaurants, retail stores
What are three ways that the communications revolution played a role in globalization
1) Requires a form of common communication
2) English language is increasingly playing that role
3) The communications revolution that promoted globalization of culture also preservation of cultural diversity
What are three reactions
globalism and globalization
1) Local cultural traditions in the face of globalization of culture can lead to intolerance of people who display other beliefs, social forms, and material traits. Political disputes, unrest, and wars have erupted
2) Extreme opposition to globalization lead to the attack by al-Qaeda on 9/11. Selected targets,World Trade Center and the Pentagon-visible symbols of U.S. domination of global trends in culture, politics, and economy.
3) Traditional cultural elements in the face of increasing globalization of cultural preferences has lead to political conflict and market fragmentation in some regions.
The _____ of a feature in _____ is known as its
The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area
What are the three main properties of distribution across the Earth?
Define Arithmetic Density
The number of people divided by the total land area
Large population does not equal ______.
Define Physiological Density
The number of persons per unit of area suitable for agriculture
Define Agricultural Density
The number of farmers per unit area of farmland
The way in which a feature is spread over space
What are the two types of concentration?
Define Clustered Concentration
Concentrated more close together
Define Dispersed Concentration
Concentrated relatively far apart
What are three different types of patten?
2) Square or rectangular
What role does gender play in geography?
Homes are located based on the mans job location. The women, "mother", may have to travel more for everything. Gender plays into which one has more land allocated in a city.
An example of how gender plays a role in geography:
The number of dance studios vs. the number of ball parks
In what way does ethnicity play a role in geography?
People want to reinforce their cultural identity by living near persons of similar background and in part because persons of color have lower average incomes. Americans of European ancestry still practice discrimination because of a deep seated fear of spatial interaction with a person of color.
In what way does sexual orientation play a role in geography?
Gays and lesbian women may be attracted to some locations to reinforce spatial interaction with other gays. San Francisco reinforces its reputation as a sympathetic home for homosexuals and lesbians through inclusive public policies.
Define Space-Time Compression
Describes the reduction in the time it takes for something to reach another place
In the past, most interaction between places required what?
Physical movement between cultural groups
How has the interaction between places changed?
The way we travel is quicker (by motor vehicles) and by sending messages over technologies such as computers and phones.
Give examples of things that retard interaction among groups:
Physical: oceans, deserts
Cultural: language, traditions
Describe Distance Decay
Contact diminishes with increasing distance until it eventually disappears.
The process by which a characteristic spreads across space
The place where an innovation originates
Give an example of Hearth
A cultural group allocates resources to try out a new technology
Define Relocation Diffusion
The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
Give an example of Relocation Diffusion
What are three types of Expansion Diffusion
1) Hierarchical Diffusion
2) Contagious Diffusion
3) Stimulus Diffusion
Define Hierarchical Diffusion
The spread of an idea from one person or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
Define Contagious Diffusion
Rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population
Define Stimulus Diffusion
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic fails to diffuse
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