21 terms

Social Studies Chapter 9 5th Grade

a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas
Yellow Journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Spanish American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
Theodore Roosevelt
26th President of the United States
rough riders
volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
Panama Canal
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1915. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to Panama on Jan 1, 2000 (746)
the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other
the policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
a formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular aim
trench warfare
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI.
central powers
World War I alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire
allied powers
world war I alliance of Britian, France, and Russia, and later joined by Italy, the United States, and others.
Woodrow Wilson
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
point of view
a mental position from which things are viewed
a fixed allowance of provisions or food, esp. for soldiers or sailors or for civilians during a shortage
information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms
a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
Treaty of Versailles
Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.