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A method of communications where a set of packets are sent to the first or closest computer within a set of computers.
Acronym for a the is a private range of addresses automatically assigned by a host that cannot connect to a DHCP server.
classful network architecture
A IPv4 classification system that uses classes to define characteristics of the assigned network.
Acronym for a way of allocating IP addresses and routing Internet Protocol packets. It was intended to replace the prior classful IP addressing architecture in an attempt to slow the exhaustion of IPv4 addresses.
The first IP address of the device that a client computer will look for when attempting to gain access outside the local network.
DNS server address
The address of a DNS server, which is used to resolve host names to IP addresses.
dual IP stack
The term used to describe when two Internet Protocol Software implementations in an operating system run, such as IPv4 and IPv6.
The most frequently used communications protocol. This will soon give way to a newer version. Most major players have already implemented the newer version.
An IPv6 address where the first 80 bits are set to 0 and the last 32 bits contain an IPv4 address.
An updated IP protocol that increases the address space and adds additional functionality compared to IPv4.
A type of communications where a single set of packets is sent to a single computer.
An acronym for the process of modifying an IP address while it is in transit across a router, computer, or similar device. It hides an entire private network of IP addresses behind a single publicly displayed IP address.
private IP addresses
Addresses hidden from the Internet and any other network., An IP address that is used on a private TCP/IP network that is isolated from the Internet.
An acronym for a protocol suite used universally for the communication on the Internet and on routable networks. it is the basis for numbering hosts and networks on the Internet.
This command-line utility allows you to get the IP address information of a Windows computer's network adapters. It also allows some control over active TCP/IP connections.
stands Packet Internet Gopher. This is a utility for ensuring connectivity between computers. ICMP protocol works behind this utility. It sends sends packets to destination node and receives a reply if there is proper communication between two.
This command-line utility allows you to get the fully-qualified name of a Windows computer.
This command-line tool is used when troubleshooting VPN connections, in Vista and above, it will show the details of the different routes packets can take to their destination.
This command-line tool is used to remove all IP configurations from a network adapter that was given by a DHCP server for IPv4.
This command-line tool is used to request all IP configurations from a network adapter from a DHCP server for IPv4.
This command-line tool is used to remove all IP configurations from a network adapter that was given by a DHCP server for IPv6.
This command-line tool is used to request all IP configurations from a network adapter from a DHCP server for IPv6.
This command-line utility is used to display all TCP and UDP connections in numeric order.
This command-line utility is used to display all DNS names and their corresponding IP addresses.
This command-line utility is used to display and modify the network configurations on a local host.
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