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45 terms

NF Ch 4 Internet Protocol

These flashcards are for the MTA certification Networking Fundamentals Microsoft Official Academic Course for Exam 98-366 Chapter 4
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anycast address
A method of communications where a set of packets are sent to the first or closest computer within a set of computers.
APIPA
Acronym for a the is a private range of addresses automatically assigned by a host that cannot connect to a DHCP server.
broadcast address
An address that send messages to all hosts within a network.
classful network architecture
A IPv4 classification system that uses classes to define characteristics of the assigned network.
CIDR
Acronym for a way of allocating IP addresses and routing Internet Protocol packets. It was intended to replace the prior classful IP addressing architecture in an attempt to slow the exhaustion of IPv4 addresses.
default gateway
The first IP address of the device that a client computer will look for when attempting to gain access outside the local network.
DNS server address
The address of a DNS server, which is used to resolve host names to IP addresses.
dual IP stack
The term used to describe when two Internet Protocol Software implementations in an operating system run, such as IPv4 and IPv6.
dynamic IP address
An IP address that is automatically assigned to a host by a DHCP server.
global routing prefix
The first three groups of numbers used in an IPv6 address.
interface ID
The individual host IP portion of an IPv6 address.
IP conflict
A conflict that occurs when two hosts are assigned the same address on a network.
IPv4
The most frequently used communications protocol. This will soon give way to a newer version. Most major players have already implemented the newer version.
IPv4-mapped addresses
An IPv6 address where the first 80 bits are set to 0 and the last 32 bits contain an IPv4 address.
IPv6
An updated IP protocol that increases the address space and adds additional functionality compared to IPv4.
IPv6 subnet
An individual subnet of the network that the address is located on.
IPv6 tunneling
A method where IPv6 packets are encapsulated inside IPv4 packets.
logical IP address
A address that is assigned to a host by the administrator.
loopback IP address
A address used for testing of the host itself.
masked
A mechanism used to isolate binary digit 1.
multicast address
A type of communications where a single set of packets is sent to a single computer.
NAT
An acronym for the process of modifying an IP address while it is in transit across a router, computer, or similar device. It hides an entire private network of IP addresses behind a single publicly displayed IP address.
node
Another term for host, which is a computer or device that connects to the network.
private IP addresses
Addresses hidden from the Internet and any other network., An IP address that is used on a private TCP/IP network that is isolated from the Internet.
public IP addresses
IP addresses assigned to hosts on the Internet
static IP address
An address that is manually assigned to a host.
Subnetting
The act of dividing a network into smaller logical subnetworks.
TCP/IP
An acronym for a protocol suite used universally for the communication on the Internet and on routable networks. it is the basis for numbering hosts and networks on the Internet.
Truncated
A method that abbreviates an IPv6 address by removing unnecessary and/or leading 0s.
unicast address
A communication method that sends a set of packets to a single host.
unmasked
A mechanism used to isolate binary digits 0.
ipconfig
This command-line utility allows you to get the IP address information of a Windows computer's network adapters. It also allows some control over active TCP/IP connections.
ping
stands Packet Internet Gopher. This is a utility for ensuring connectivity between computers. ICMP protocol works behind this utility. It sends sends packets to destination node and receives a reply if there is proper communication between two.
hostname
This command-line utility allows you to get the fully-qualified name of a Windows computer.
ipconfig /allcompartments
This command-line tool is used when troubleshooting VPN connections, in Vista and above, it will show the details of the different routes packets can take to their destination.
ipconfig /release
This command-line tool is used to remove all IP configurations from a network adapter that was given by a DHCP server for IPv4.
ipconfig /renew
This command-line tool is used to request all IP configurations from a network adapter from a DHCP server for IPv4.
ipconfig /release6
This command-line tool is used to remove all IP configurations from a network adapter that was given by a DHCP server for IPv6.
ipconfig /renew6
This command-line tool is used to request all IP configurations from a network adapter from a DHCP server for IPv6.
ipconfig /flushdns
This command-line tool is used to clear the local DNS table of all records.
netstat -a
This command-line utility is used to display all TCP and UDP connections.
netstat -an
This command-line utility is used to display all TCP and UDP connections in numeric order.
nslookup
This command-line utility is used to display all DNS names and their corresponding IP addresses.
netsh
This command-line utility is used to display and modify the network configurations on a local host.
route
This command-line utility similar to the netstat command but more commonly used.