AP Lit Terms
Terms in this set (50)
A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
a reference to people, events, or things that have historical significance
a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of literary significance
references to characters or events from greek mythology
attributing human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object (Personification)
A detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth and is thought to appeal in a universal way to the unconscious and to evoke a response
A pause in a line of verse, indicated by natural speech patterns rather than due to specific metrical patterns.
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
The dictionary definition of a word
an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot
A run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next.
A line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation
repetition of the same word for emphasis
A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
Irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play.
An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected
a sorrowful poem or speech
Placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts
A recurring theme, subject or idea
A statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
a word formed by combining the sounds and meanings of two different words
A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.
Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader
A coming of age story
a narrator who is able to know, see, and tell all, including the inner thoughts and feelings of the characters
A narrator that appears to be trustworthy and would have no outside interests to protect. Usually a 3rd person narrator, but not always.
is uncomprehending (child, simple-minded adult) who narrates the story without realizing its true implications
A hero of mixed strength and weakness who provides a positive example by his ultimate triumph over evil or obstacles, accomplished through his growth, change circumstances, the help or redemption provided by others, or all of these
A protagonist (main character) who is markedly unheroic: morally weak, cowardly, dishonest, or any number of other unsavory qualities.
A harsh, discordant mixture of sounds
pleasant, harmonious sound
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
It is a stylistic device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series.
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity
Repetition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity.
Repetition of sounds at the end of words
A comparison that establishes a figurative identity between objects being compared.
A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work.
A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it
technique of mentioning a part of something to represent the whole.
A rhetorical figure of repetition in which the same word or phrase is repeated in (and usually at the beginning of) successive lines, clauses, or sentences.
A scheme in which the same word is repeated at the end of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences. Example: "I believe we should fight for justice. You believe we should fight for justice. How can we not, then, fight for justice?"
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.
A statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed ("Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary.")
A style that involves stating an idea in the first half of the verse, and then using a similar grammatical structure to further the idea in the second half.
in a sentence, the omission of a word or words replaced by three periods
Commas used (with no conjunction) to separate a series of words, speeds up flow of sentence. X, Y, Z as opposed to X, Y, and Z.
Deliberate use of many conjunctions in close succession, especially where some might be omitted. Hemingway and the Bible both use extensively. Ex. "he ran and jumped and laughed for joy"