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An adviser to the court on some matter of law who is not a party to the case
Courts that hear cases on appeal from other courses
Rule of Four
At least four Justices of the Supreme Court must vote to consider a case before it can be heard
Interprets Constitution in a way that allows the federal government to take only those actions that the Constitution says it can
The authority of a court to hear a case "in the first instance."
The power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
A law established by following earlier judicial decisions
Philosophy that judges should interpret the Constitution to reflect current conditions and values
Justice Department officer who argues the government's cases before the Supreme Court
Judiciary Act of 1789
Law that set up the national court system