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Chapter 7

STUDY
PLAY
Virtuous Citizenry
the Jeffersonian idea of creating a system of public schools to make an educated electorate.
Religious Groups
Ran most schools
Republican Motherhood
Dumb women raise dumb kids -female education began to make better wives and mothers.
Benjamin Rush
Doctor who used bleeding and purging
Men who helped further ideas of Cultural Nationalism
Jedidiah Morse, Noah Webster, Joel Barlow, Charles Brockden Brown, Washington Irving, and Mercy Otis Warren.
Deism
Theory supported by Jefferson and Franklin that said God exists, but is a remote uncaring being that only created the universe.
Universalism and Unitarianism
Are examples of rational religions
Second Great Awakening
Methodis, Baptist, and Presbyterian growth in "believers" was supported largely by blacks, women, and those that were against religious skepticism.
Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin
Drove an economic wedge between the north and south by making short-staple cotton processable -this in turn caused cotton farming to move to upland south and helped create a northern textile industry.
Robert Fulton and Robert Livingston
Perfected the steamboat and used the Clermont to attracted national attention.
Turn Pike Era (1792)
Began with a sixty mile toll road from Philadelphia to Lancaster.
D.C.'s Image
Tiny city with small population
1804 election
Federalist Charles C. Pickney gained 14 electoral votes, while Republican candidate Thomas Jefferson gained 162
Jefferson Presidency
Cut government spending and armed forces
Barbary Pirates
North African Barbary States were Morocco, Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli. They collected tribute from the Us. Until Jefferson said no - caused war that U.S. won
Judicial Review
Supreme court nullifies an Act of Congress -first seen in Marbury V. Madison
Marbury V. Madison
Court case in which James Madison was not forced to hand over one of Adam's "Midnight Appointments" for Just of the Peace to William Marbury. This went against the Judiciary act of 1789
Samuel Chase
Jefferson tried to get this Federalist Supreme Court Justice impeached, but could not get necessary two-thirds congressional vote -showed impeaching wasn't a political tool.
Treaty of San Ildefanso
Secret Treaty between Napoleonic France and Spain that gave France most of Mississippi Valley (Louisiana) -(1800)
Toussant Louverture
African in Santo Domingo who led insurrection: showed Napoleon would have trouble maintaining control in New World
Louisiana Territory
With threats of an American-British alliance, and an attack on New Orleans, the United States got France to sell this territory
Meriwether Lewis, and William Clark
Before Louisiana purchase, they were told to explore the West by Jefferson (1804-1806)
Essex Junto
Extreme Northern Federalists who wanted to secede because Federalists were losing power
Hamilton's Death
VP Aaron Burr was slandered by Alexander Hamilton who accused him of plotting treason. They decided to duel
Aaron burr -"Burr Conspiracy"
He led a group of armed men down Ohio River in 1806. Many believed that he planned to takeover South West, and Mexico
Decline in European Shipping
The French Continental System and the British response served to cut American off from European trade
Chesapeake-Leopard Incident
The British practice of impressment caused them to attack the Chesapeake with their ship, the Leopard -4 men were taken.
The Embargo and the Force Act
Jefferson urged the law that made it illegal for American ships to leave the United States for any foreign port, and also gave congress the power to enforce its decision
Election of 1808
James Madison, Jefferson's Secretary of Sate, won
Non-Intercourse Act
Reopened trade with all nations except for Britain and France. Was later repealed in 1810 by Macon's Bill no. 2
Assimilation
Jefferson thought that Indians should move west of the Mississippi River or become farmers he used William Henry Harrison to implement his decision
Tecumsah
The British in Canada provoked Indians to fight America. This leader of that Indian movement was not around for Tippecanoe but was able to unite many of the tribes
Baton Rouge
The Spanish fort in West Florida that was taken in 1810 -caused Madison to agree to annex the rest of Florida
John C. Calhoun and Henry Clay
They were the most vocal, and famous War Hawks
War of 1812
Fueled by territorial expansion, this conflict was between America and Britain, but quite often was fought by Indians
Battle of New Orleans
Led by Andrew Jackson, Americans ended the war of 1812 on January 8, 1815 -weeks after a treaty had already been signed
Hartford Convention
Antiwar Federalist from New England that met to discuss possible secession and to discuss amendments to the constitution -they lost influence after Battle of New Orleans
Treaty of Ghent
United States got Canada, and Britain does not get Indian buffer states. Was organized by John Q. Adams, Henry Clay, and Albert Gallatin and was signed on Christmas eve of 1814