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12 terms

Scientific Revolution Part 1

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Outgrowths of Scientific Revolution
(1) reasoning that developed in Renaissance (2) improved education at universities (3) Tech advances that aid the field in both questioning and discovery
Influence of Church
delays Scientific Revolution because in believes the pursuit of science is against religion
Changes in Medieval thought
Renaissance (emerging freedom of thought), Influence of trade through Mideast (advanced math), New Inventions, New World, end of local violence
Deductive Reasoning
Work from the small to the large
Base assumptions on observable events
Inductive Reasoning
Ability to base assumptions without preconceptions
Nicholas Copernicus
(1473 - 1543) Polish astronomer, Proposed Heliocentric Theory, resisted publishing work until his death (HE WAS WRONG)
Heliocentric Theory
The sun is the center of the universe
Proposed by Copernicus
Problems of Copernicus
(1) Lacked math necessary to prove his theory
(2) faced opposition from both Catholic and Protestant leaders
Tycho Brahe
supported Copernican theory
a little crazy; Danish;had island
Johannes Kepler
Brahe's student; Dutch
uses advances in math to speculate that planets move in eliptical orbits around the sun
Galileo Galileo
Italian astronomer and physical scientist
forward thought in the area of gravity
observed 4 moons orbiting Jupiter; placed under house arrest
Galileo Dates
1616 - appeared before inquisition in Rome to ddefend Copernicus' writings
1623 - begins writing "Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems"
1633 - convicted of heresy