10 terms

Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function

STUDY
PLAY
plasma membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
cytosol
the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various particles and organelles are suspended
phospholipid bilayer
a double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma and organelle membranes
nuclear envelope
A double membrane that surrounds the nucleus in the cell
nucleolus
a small round body of protein in a cell nucleus
microtubule
straight, hollow tube of proteins that gives rigidity, shape, and organization to a cell
microfilament
solid rod of protein, thinner than a microtubule, that enables a cell to move or change shape
centriole
structure in an animal cell that helps to organize cell division
thylakoid
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to convert light energy into chemical energy.
plastid
group of plant organelles that are used for storage of starches, lipids, or pigments