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House vs. Senate
Terms in this set (25)
Representatives: ____ yrs old; _____ yrs a citizen; resident of state
Senators: ___-yrs old; ___ yrs a citizen; resident of state
Representatives: _____ years
Senators: ______ years
435(proportional representation based on Census)
How many in the House?
100 (equal representation 2/state)
Greater diversity; more from "safe" districts
Less diversity; more from "marginal" seats
Very restricted; complex rules
Unrestricted; loose rules (allowing filibusters!)
Originate revenue-raising bills; power to impeach
Ratify treaties (2/3 vote); approve appointments (2/3 vote); tries impeached officials
Revenue-Raising Bills, Impeach
Duties of House
Ratifies treaties, Approve Appointments, Tries Impeached Officials
Duties of Senate
House Leadership: Speaker of the House; _________ powerful
Senate Majority Leader; ________ powerful
Greater incumbency advantage in elections
Baker v. Carr
case that est. one man one vote. this decision created guidelines for drawing up congresional districts and guaranteed a more equitable system of representation to the citizens of each state
Wesberry v. Sanders
One person, one vote (in redistricting for federal elections, each congressional district was to be approximately the same) In Georgia, the 5th district had 3 to 4 times more people than did the other districts.
Reynolds v. Simms
ruled that state legislative districts must be roughly equal in population
Shaw v. Reno
The Court ruled that although it was a legitimate goal for state legislatures to take race into account when they draw electoral districts in order ot increase the voting strength of minorities, they may not make race the sole reason for drawing district lines.
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