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Chapter 21

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The group that met in 1787 to discuss tax reform was the
Assembly of Notables
During the Reign of Terror, the dominant person on the Committee of Public Safety was
Maximilien Robespierre
During the Hundred Days
Napoleon returned from exile to rule France briefly
One major difference in election procedures for the Legeslative Assembly (established by the Constitution of 1791) and the National Convention that followed it in 1792 was that
there were property requirements for voting for the legeslative assembly, but none for the national convention. All adult French males could legally vote for the convention
The Declatation of Pillnitz
was issued by Austria and Prussia to intimidate French revolutionaries
All of the following were aspects of the influence of the American Revolution on the French Revolution
increasing the class conflict between the nobility and bourgeoisie
The Stamp Act of 1765
required residents of the British colonies in North America to pay a tax on a long list of legal documents, publications, dice, playing cards, and so on
Mary Wollstonecraft argued that
men and women would benefit from sequal equality
The battle that prevented Napoleon's invasion of England was
Trafalgar
Napoleon's Civil Code of 1804
institutionalized women's secondary status
The social groups that benefitted most from the Revolution and Napoleon were the middle class and the
peasants
According to the text, the Directory continued French wars of conquest begun by early revolutionary governments
because big, victorious armies kept men employed and could draw sustenance from the conquered areas
The National Assembly that ruled France from 1789-1791 passed laws that
broadened women's rights to seek divorce and inherit property
The Charter issued by Louis XVIII in 1814 established
a limited constitutional monarchy
In the years 1789-1791 th eNational Assembly took all of the following actions except
establishing price controls on grain
Eighteenth-century liberalism called for all of the following except
economic equality
Abbe Sieyes's answer to the question "What is the Third Estate?" was that it was
the most useful component of French society
Jakob Walter was
a German soldier drafted for Napoleon's invasion of Russia
During the early years of the French Revolution
common Parisian women played key roles in a number of Revolution events
The situation in Paris on the eve of the Revolution included all of the following except
fear of a royal and aristocratic attack on the city
The distinctiveness of North American society included all of the following except
economic, religious, and ethnic homogeneity
Between 1778 and 1780, the former British colonies in North America were joined in their war against Britain by
France, Spain, and the Netherlands
Opponents of the U.S. Constitution were called
anti-federalists
In the 1780s, over 50% of France's annual budget was expended on
interest payments on the deby
The legal definition of the conposition of the prerevloutionary Third Estate included
everyone who was not a noble or member of the clergy
Revisionist historians of the French Revolution stress all of the following except the
conflict between the nobility and the bourgeoisie
The men elected to represent the Third Estate at the Estates General were primarliy
lawyers and government officials
The grievance petitions from all three estates called for all of the following except
A constitutional monarchy?
Th eTennis court oath was
sworn by renegade delegates from the Estates General, most of them from the Third Estate
The term "Great Fear" refers to the
paranoia in the countryside that fanned the flames of trebellion in the summer of 1792
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen guarantee all of the following except
economic equality
The accomplishments of the National Assembly included all of the following except the
introduction of uniiversal compulsory education
According to the text the string of French military victories after the winter of 1793-1794 was largely due to
patrriotism and the superior numbers supplied by the draft
During the September Massacres,
Parisian crowds slaughtered prison inmates
The life-and-death political struggle between the Girondins and the Mountain resulted mainly from
personal hatred and jealousy
According to the text, in the summer of 1789 the National Assembly was driven toward more radical action by
revolutionary actions by French peasants and the common people of Paris
The Reign of Terror ended when
members of the Convention, afraid of Robespierre would turn the Terror on them, had him arrested and executed
The Reign of Terror was directed primarily at
any and all enemies of the Revolution
French Policies in areas conquered by French armies resulted in
strong, nationalistic resentment against the oppressive French
The Committee on Public Safety was
an emergency executive committee appointed by the Convention
According to the text, the populations of the areas of Europe Napoleon conquered came to view him as
a tyrant
According to Olympe de Gouges,
men and women should be equal in the eyes of the law