Web Design Terminology
All terms needed for Web Design I final
Terms in this set (87)
fitting the workplace to the worker by modifying the job, workstation, or environment
structure linking computers together for the purpose of sharing resources such as printers and files
computer that makes a service available to a network
requests services from a server
One of the most common network structures
method of organizing information that gives the reader control over the order in which the information is presented
entire collection of linked documents
hypertext documents within a Web site
first version of HTML
browsers capable of displaying images
hypertext markup language
format descriptions written in a separate language from HTML that tell browsers how to render each element
The World Wide Web Consortium. This organization created a set of standards or specifications that all browser manufacturers must follow
older features of HTML are phased out by W3C
XML (Extensible Markup Language)
metalanguage like SGML, less complex
Extensible Hypertext Markup Language is a special version of HTML where the document gets read by the browser as XML instead of HTML. You don't need to use a special XHTML doctype, you should use !DOCTYPE html instead.
distinct object in the document
Elements that employ one-sided tags, contain no content
contains content displayed in a separate section within the page, setting it off from other blocks
part of the same block of commands surrounding content
contains a list of definition terms, each followed by a definition description
element that displays contact information
element that displays long quoted passages
elements placed in the document's head and contain information about the document that may be of use to programs that run on Web servers
beginning of special character in HTML
parts of HTML tags that control behavior and appearance of elements
way to identify elements in an HTML document
a HTML command that marks a specific location within a document
diagram of a Web site's structure
each page contains an additional link back to an opening page
the pages are linked going from the most general page down to more specific pages
a page containing an outline of the entire site and its contents
set of rules defining how information is exchanged
Hypertext Transfer Protocol is the system used by browsers to download web pages and display them on-screen.
Stands for file transfer protocol. How one transfers files to a website.
descriptive text that appears whenever a user positions the mouse pointer over a link
programs that scan HTML code on the web looking for email addresses to be used for spam
When a browser encounters a color that is not in its palette, it attempts to render the color
The 216 colors in the Web Safe, or Browser Safe palettes that display solid, non-dithered, and consistent on any computer monitor, or web browser.
amount of space between words and phrases
amount of space between pairs of letters
space between lines of text
Graphics Interchange Format is one of many image formats used on the web. GIFs are composed of several images that are displayed one after the other in rapid succession to simulate motion (a simple animation)
defined area of the image that acts as a hypertext link
list the positions of all hotspots within an image
tag that creates preformatted text and retains any spaces or line breaks indicated in the HTML file
a HTML command that centers the caption below the table
a HTML command that centers the caption above the table
a HTML command that controls the amount of space inserted between table cells
a HTML command that controls the space between the table text and the cell borders
a HTML command that to merge several cells into one
a HTML command to allow your Web site to be viewable using browsers that do or do not support frames
files or forms that describe the layout and appearance of a document
Cascading Style Sheets are files which contain a list of rules for how a website should be displayed. CSS controls things like fonts, colors, layout and spacing.
external style sheet
text file that contains style declarations (for embedded styles)
If a style is not specified for an element, it inherits the style of its parent element
one of a group of typefaces that have short lines across the top and bottom of the long parts of the letters
one of a group of typefaces that do not have short lines across the top and bottom of the long parts of the letters
used for extended entries that can include several lines of text
information entered into a field
two-sided HTML tags
measure of amount of network connection available
Common Gateway Interface is a back-end scripting system for websites.
Comma Separated Values is a format for storing tabular data.
The Domain Name System is what links the domain name you type into your browser address bar, to the IP address where that site is really located. (An analogy for explaining DNS is that it serves as the 'phone book' of the internet.)
The Document Type Definition is a line or two of code at the top of a markup language document, like HTML or XML, which defines the language and standard that the document is adhering to.
HTML5 refers to the latest specification document and the new abilities that browsers have added to HTML, such as native embedding of video and audio. Most importantly, HTML5 ensures that all web documents are ADA compliant.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (Secure) is a secured version of HTTP used by many websites handling personal information, such as banks and education.
Did you know Internet Explorer is often referenced as IE for short?
JPEG or JPG
A common file format for images, developed by the Joint Photographic Experts Group. It's designed for photos and not computer-generated graphics and uses file extensions .jpeg or .jpg.
Open Source Software is software where the source code is freely available for anyone to read and modify. An example of open source software is WordPress.
Free and Open Source Software, or Free, Libre Open Source Software is open source software that's also free.
Portable Document Format is a document format that preserves formatting, often used on the web.
A server scripting language originally called Personal Home Page, but renamed to PHP Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP is the most widely used server language on the web.
Portable Network Graphics is another image file format used on the web.
Ruby on Rails is a popular framework written in the Ruby programming language. The Canvas LMS created by Instructure was written in RoR.
Search Engine Optimization is the use of certain on-site and off-site strategies to increase search engine traffic to a website.
Structured Query Language is a programming language for creating, editing and deleting web databases. It's the only language of its kind and is supported by all web database software.
Scalable Vector Graphics is a format used a lot on the web for graphics that can be scaled to any size without becoming 'pixelated'. SVG files are written in the XML language.
A Top Level Domain is a domain name extension such as .edu, .com, .net or .org.
User Interface is the design and appearance of a program or software.
While a Uniform Resource Locator and a Uniform Resource Identifier are not the same thing technically, both are used to refer to the address of a web page.
User Experience is a concept closely related to UI, and is concerned more with the way a user interacts with a program or website.
Who doesn't know that WWW stands for World Wide Web? Well, if you didn't, you do now. W3 is a bit less common though, also standing for World Wide Web.
A "what you see is what you get" program is an editor that lets you bypass writing HTML code and simply design a web page as you see it. It writes the HTML itself, however a computer will never be able to write HTML code as well as you can, so it's best to learn at least how to decipher code.
Extensible Markup Language is a format based on HTML which is used to store data in a hierarchical fashion. It's a ubiquitous format used both online and offline.