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Terms in this set (60)
to withdraw protection or support; in medicine, to discontinue medical care without proper notice after accepting a patient.
the formal action of a legislative body; a decision or determination of a sovereign state, a legislative council, or a court of justice.
a statement by a party to a legal action of what the party undertakes to prove; an assertion made without proof.
a legal proceeding by which a case is brought before a higher court for review of the decision of a lower court.
having the power to review the judgment of another tribunal or body of jurisdiction, such as an appellate court.
the hearing & determination of a cause in controversy by a person or persons either chosen by the parties involved or appointed under statutory authority.
a neutral person chosen to settle differences between two parties in a controversy.
an intentional, unlawful attempt of bodily injury to another by force.
to agree to something, especially after thoughtful consideration.
an officer of some U.S. courts who usually serves as a messenger or usher, who keeps order at the request of the judge.
a willful & unlawful use of force or violence on the person of another.
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
a coded delineation of the rules & regulations published in the Federal Register by the various departments & agencies of the federal government. The CFR is divided into 50 titles that represent broad subject areas & chapters that provide specific detail.
statutes in some states that may prevent a party from recovering from some damages if he/she contributed in any way to the injury or contribution.
loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation; compensation in money imposed by law for losses or injuries.
a legal term for a deceased person.
a person required to answer in a legal action or suit, in criminal cases, the person accused of a crime.
a formal record of judicial proceedings; a list of legal cases to be tried.
a fundamental constitutional guarantee that all legal proceedings will be fair; that one will be given notice of the proceedings & given an opportunity to be heard before the government acts to take away life, liberty, or property; a constitutional guarantee that a law will not be unreasonable or arbitrary.
a person under legal age who is self-supporting & living apart from parents or a guardian; a mature minor considered by the courts to possess a sufficient understanding of self-care & responsibility.
people who provide testimony to a court as experts in certain fields or subjects to verify facts presented by one or both sides of a lawsuit, often compensated & used to refute or disprove the claims of one party.
a major crime, such as murder, rape, or burglary; punishable by a more stringent sentence than that given for a misdemeanor.
a sum imposed as punishment for an offense; a forfeiture or penalty paid to an injured party or the government in a civil or criminal action.
guardian ad litem
legal representative for the minor.
presumed consent, such as when a patient offers an arm for a phlebotomy.
a consent, usually written, which states understanding of what treatment is to be undertaken & of the risks involved, why it should be done, & alternative methods of treatment available (including no treatment) & their attendant risks.
breaking the law; minor offenses against the rules, usually punishable by fines.
of or relating to a judgment, the function of judging, the administration of justice, or the judiciary.
a power constitutionally conferred on a judge or magistrate to decide cases according to law & to carry sentence into execution; jurisdiction is original when it is conferred on the court in the first instance, called original jurisdiction; or it is appellate when an appeal is given from the judgment of another court.
the science or representation that conveys an unjustly unfavorable impression.
a binding custom or practice of a community; a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforceable by a controlling authority.
obligated according to law or equity; responsible for an act or circumstance.
a written defamatory statement or representation that conveys an unjustly unfavorable impression.
prone to engage in lawsuits.
something that is easily understood or recognized by the mind.
a minor crime, as opposed to a felony; punishable by fine or imprisonment in a city or county jail rather than in a penitentiary.
courts that sit in some cities & larger towns & that usually have civil & criminal jurisdiction over cases arising within the municipality.
failure to exercise the care a prudent person usually exercises; implies inattention to one's duty or business; implies want of due or necessary diligence or care.
authoritative decree or direction; law set forth by a governmental authority, specifically, municipal regulations.
other potentially infectious materials (OPIM)
substances or materials other than blood that have the potential to carry infectious pathogens, such as body fluid, urine, semen, & others.
the voluntary violation of an oath or vow either by swearing to what is untrue or by omission to do what has been promised under oath; false testimony.
physician office laboratories
laboratories owned by a private physician or corporation, such as the laboratory inside a physician's office or at a freestanding laboratory.
the person or group bringing a case or legal action to court.
to surpass in rank, dignity, or importance; to be, go, or come ahead or in front of.
a person or thing that serves as a model; something done or said that may serve as an example or rule to authorize or justify a subsequent act of the same kind.
preponderance of the evidence
evidence of greater weight or more convincing that the evidence offered in opposition to it; evidence that as a whole shows that the fact sought to be proven is more probably than not.
marked by wisdom or judiciousness; shrewd in the management of practical affairs.
the pretense of curing disease.
doubt based on reason & arising from evidence or lack of evidence; it is not doubt that is imagined or conjured up, but doubt that would cause reasonable persons to hesitate before acting.
the mutual exchange of privileges; a recognition of one state or institution of the licenses or privileges granted by the other.
a turning to something or someone for help or protection.
having significant & demonstrable bearing on the matter at hand.
the person required to make answer in a civil legal action or suit;similar to a defendant in a criminal trial.
oral defamation; a harmful, false statement made about another person.
laws enacted by the legislative branch of a government.
to specify as a condition or requirement of an agreement or offer; to make an agreement or covenant to do or forbear from doing something.
a writ or document commanding a person to appear in court under a penalty for failure to appear.
subpoena duces tecum
a legally binding request to appear in court & provide records or documents that pertain to a particular case.
a solemn declaration usually made orally by a witness under oath in response to interrogation by a lawyer or authorized public official.
Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)
a unified set of rules convering many business transactions; it has been adopted in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, & most U.S. territories. It regulates the fields of sales of goods; commercial paper, such as checks; secured transactions in personal property; & particular aspects of banking, letters of credit, warehouse receipts, bills of lading, & investment securities.
the finding or decision of a jury on a matter submitted to it in trial.
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