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23 terms

Rowland Ch. 13 Terms & Names

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Great Plains
the vast grassland that extends through the central portion of North America, from Texas northward to Canada, east of the Rocky Mountains
Treaty of Fort Laramie
the treaty requiring the Sioux to live on a reservation along the Missouri River
George A. Custer
Colonel who commanded the army at the battle of little bighorn, he was killed
assimilation
a minority group's adoption of the belies and way of life of the dominant culture
Dawes Act
a law enacted in 1887 that was intended to "Americanize" Native Americans by distributing reservation land to individual owners
Battle of Wounded Knee
U.S soldiers fired on 300 unarmed native americans, this brought the indian wars to a bitter end
longhorn
a breed of sturdy, long-horned cattle brought by the Spanish to Mexico and suited to the dry conditions of the Southwest
Chisholm Trail
the major cattle route from San Antonio, Texas, through Oklahoma to Kansas
long drive
the moving of cattle over trails to a shipping center
Homestead Act
a US law enacted in 1862 that provided 160 acres in the West to any citizen or intended citizen who was head of household and would cultivate the land for five years; a law whose passage led to record numbers of US settlers claiming private property which previously had been reserved by treaty and by tradition for Native American nomadic dwelling and use; the same law strengthened in 1889 to encourage individuals to exercise their private property rights and develop homesteads out of the vast government lands..phew!!
exoduster
an African American who migrated from the South to Kansas in the post-Reconstruction years
soddy
a home built of blocks of turf
Morrill Acts
laws enacted in 1862 and 1890 to help create agricultural colleges by giving federal land to states
bonanza farm
an enormous farm on which a single crop is grown
Oliver Hudson Kelley
starter of Patrons of Husbandry, an organization for farmers that became popularly known as the Grange
Grange
the Patrons of Husbandry- a social and educational organization through which farmers attempted to combat the power of the railroads in the late 19th century
Farmers' Alliances
groups of farmers, or those in sympathy with farming issues, who sent lectures from town to town to educate people about agricultural and rural issues
Populism
a late 19th-century political movement demanding that people have a greater voice in government and seeking to advance the interests of farmers and laborers
bimetallism
the use of both gold and silver as a basis for a national monetary system
gold standard
a monetary system in which the basic unit f currency is defined in terms of a set amount of gold
William McKinley
The republican party nominated him for president, then became president
William Jennings Bryan
Democrats nominee for president "Cross of Gold"
Sitting Bull
(Tatanka Iyotanka) leader of the Hunkpapa Sioux