26 terms

Social Studies 101

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Terms in this set (...)

Human Environment Interaction
adaptation- how humans have been effected by their environment (survive- AC/Heat, clothing type)
depend-how humans need their environment to survive (food, water)
modification- how humans have impacted their environment (built homes, building, roads)
Movement
the transportation of people, goods, and ideas throughout the world
Place
physical characteristic- natural characteristics of an area (rivers, lakes etc)
human characteristics- man made characteristics of an area (buildings, roads etc)
Location
absolute- the exact location (address, latitude/longitude)
relative- general location (down the road, across the street, near..)
Region
defined by gov't- formal borders due to the ruling power of a local/national gov't

defined by function- borders that loosely define an area for the purpose of a function or service (police department, school district etc)

loosely defined- informal borders that may vary (the south, the middle east, the midwest)
Primary Source
A document or physical object which was written or created during the time period you're studying.
Secondary Source
A secondhand account of an event or a retelling of another person's observations written by someone who did not witness or actually participate in the events. Examples include encyclopedias, textbooks, and reviews.
Source
Where information comes from.
Perspective
Point of view
Bias
Prejudice or predisposition toward one side of a subject or issue.
monarchy
A form of government in which power is vested in hereditary kings and queens who govern in the interests of all
democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
republic
A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws.
oligarchy
A government ruled by a few powerful people
dictatorship
a government system controlled by one ruler who has absolute power and usually controlled by force.
anarchy
ABSENCE OF GOVERNMENT; STATE OF DISORDER,
theocracy
A government controlled by religious leaders
government
how a country operates based on politics, economy, and rule/power of its people
traditional economy
An economy in which production is based on customs and traditions and economic roles are typically passed down from one generation to the next.
market economy
Economic decisions are made by individuals or the open market.
command economy
An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.
mixed economy
an economic system that combines private and state enterprises
culture
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people. encompasses religion, food, what we wear, how we wear it, our language, marriage, music, what we believe is right or wrong, how we sit at the table, how we greet visitors, how we behave with loved ones, and a million other things
Primary source examples
gov't documents (Constitution, Declaration of Independence etc)

diaries/journals

physical items from the time period

videos/photos

witness statements/interviews

autobiography
Secondary source examples
biography
textbooks
book reviews
secondhand accounts
5 themes of geography examples
Movement- people traveling/moving from one place to another, cultures influences other places (Little Italy NYC, China Town)

Region- The South, The Midwest, New England, Middle East

Location- Absolute Location- an address- 144 William Ellis Drive
Location-Relative Location- The school is down the road from the fire station, Advance is near Winston

Human Environment Interaction-adapt- heating, shelter, AC, clothing (winter jackets, shorts)
Human Environment Interaction-depend- agriculture- corn fields, water sources
Human Environment Interaction-modify- golden gate bridge, george washington bridge, hoover dam

Place- Human characteristic Empire State building, skylines, schools, Sears Tower
Place-Physical characteristic- river, oceans, mountains (Rocky Mountains, Mississippi River)