Introduction: reading and writing essays
Terms in this set (33)
•"Parallel lives" influenced biography
• 46-120 from Greece
• roman writer, orator, philosopher, dramatist
•Japanese court lady
•wrote "pillow books"
•wrote in the 10th century
•poet and Buddhist monk
•compared to brush strokes of zen painting
Michel de Montaigne
•father of the modern essay (I)
•named the genre "Essais" meaning attempt (I)
•personal tone, reveal himself
•his mind in the act of thinking
•English statesman, scientist, and essayist
•father of the English essay (I)
•essays were short more impersonal
•advice on how to live
Ralph Waldo Emerson
•writing focuses on nature
•essays came from public lectures
•"hitch your wagon to a star"
• "give all to love"
N. Scott momaday
• writes about Native American tradition
•"the way to rainy mt."
Five classic essays
"A modest proposal"
"Shooting an elephant"
"Death of a moth"
"Once more to the lake"
"Letter from Birmingham"
•Wrote "living like weasels"
• wrote fiction, nonfiction, poetry, essays, prose, and criticism
• wrote 2 novels and 1 memoir
• "pilgrim at Tinker Creek" won Pulitzer Prize
• teacher in English at Wesleyan Uni.
• made stream of consciousness style of writing popular
• "death of a moth" is her most famous essay (I)
• published essays in "common reader"
•"Los Vegas weddings"
•wrote about social issues in the 60s
•humorist and cartoonist
•"secret life of Walter Mitty"
• "no where man" living in many places and not belonging to any social group
•became and expatriate and lived in Paris
•wrote about race relations in America and his place in society as a black man
•wrote about his struggle for literacy as a black slave
•"Learning to Read and write" famous essay about his masters wife teaching him how to read
Judith Ortiz cofer
•duel culture and linguistic identity
Martin Luther King Jr.
• letter from Birmingham jail
•wrote of racial prejudice
•Cowboys and life in the west
Joseph Addison and Richard Steele
•teamed together to publish in periodicals
• "the Tattler" and "the spectator"
•these came out as listen as three times a week
•"the right stuff: astronauts"
• "the electric kook-aid acid test "
Maxine hong Kingston
•wrote about power of place of gender in traditional China
•"no name woman"
•the essays of Elia
•he was a lifelong bachelor (i)
•"a bachelors complaint"
•essays were playful, passionate, and highly opinionated
•British author of "Gulliver's travels" (I)
•"a modest proposal" most famous satire (I)
•felt essays should have "gusto" (I)
•stressed importance of feeling in writing
•wrote "pleasures of hating" (I)
•wrote political essays
• "The crisis" was his periodical
• famous for "Common Sense"
•"poor Richards almanac" (I)
•famous for his aphorisms
• fish and visitors stick after three days
• haste makes waste
• a stitch in time saves nine
•famous for his satirical tone (I)
• periodicals "The rambler" (I)
Henry David Thoreau
•wrote about nature
•famous essay was "On the duty of civil disobedience"
•walden was his book of essays
•"if a man cannot keep pace with his companions, perhaps he heads the sound of a different drummer"
• "Animal Farm"
• "shooting and elephant" famous essay (I)
•wrote about imperialism
•wrote books for children:
Charlottes web, Stuart little
•wrote columns for harpers and New Yorker
• "once more to the lake" (I)
•essayer French for to try, or to test, or to try out
• Essaie, French for attempt, essay, test, trial, etc.
• early term for essay
•terse saying of general truth
• term 1st used in "Aphorism of Hippocrates"
• means definition or distinction