9 terms

DT part 3


Terms in this set (...)

condition Yellow
General awareness of
possible threats, Attention is focused, and
the officer scans the
environment for
potential threats.
While on the job, an
officer is in a state of
relaxed awareness and
notices what is going on
around him or her
condition White
Unaware that a threat
exists, Attention is unfocused
or preoccupied, and the
officer is oblivious to
potential danger in his or
her environment. Example: A person drives to work
and does not remember
the drive (automatic pilot).
condition orange
Recognition that a threat
exists, Awareness of a specific
threat encourages
preplanning and more
intense focus. Physical
indicators of stress may
become evident.Examples:
A patrol officer observes
a vehicle backed into a
parking space at a
convenience store with
the engine running,
considers the possibility
of a robbery in progress,
and begins tactical
A correctional officer
observes an inmate with
possible contraband and
begins formulating a
plan of action.
condition red
Specific threat identified
and appropriate actions
taken, The threat is assessed
and managed through
intensified cognitive and
physical reactions.
Survival stress functions
become optimum.Examples:
The patrol officer
initiates the plan to
engage the suspects
as they exit the store.
The correctional officer
initiates the plan to
engage the inmate.
condition Black
Threat mismanaged
due to panicked stress
response, Survival stress functions
break down. Submission
or freezing may occur, Examples:
The patrol officer
panics and may not
respond effectively.
The correctional
officer panics and may
not respond
critical incident amnesia.
Officers who are exposed to an extremely stressful situation, such as an officer-involved
shooting, may experience short and long-term memory loss. This is a temporary or
sometimes permanent condition known as
Particular memory-related phenomena in traumatic situations may include the following
• During the critical incident, intense focus on some particular aspect of the event
often leads to a diminished ability to process other information.
• Immediately after the incident, critical incident amnesia will often result in the
inability to remember information observed during the incident.
• Due to the inability to accurately remember information, officers are more
vulnerable to false memories and unintentional fabrications that they use to link
flash memories of the critical incident. A flash memory is a brief mental
visualization of a past experience, a mental "snap-shot".
Many agencies
require a minimum of 24 to 72 hours before
questioning or any report writing
takes place.
Officers can increase their coping skills
and better prepare for the effects of stress by doing the following:
• pre-plan
• stay physically fit
• get adequate rest
• eat a nutritious diet
• use controlled breathing techniques
• rely on techniques that involve gross motor movements rather than fine
motor skills
• train under realistic environmental conditions designed to mirror high-stress
• anticipate the possibility of resistance with every subject encounter
• maintain proficiency in physical and mental skills
• maintain proficiency with firearms and other issued equipment