37 terms

Short Stories-Ms. Hall (English 8) SKSS

STUDY
PLAY
characterization
information about characters
character development
how a character changes throughout a story
protagonist
the central or main character of a story
antagonist
the person or thing that directly opposes the central character
round character
a character who is described in considerable detail and is complex
dynamic character
a character who is developing and learning throughout the course of a story
flat character
characterized by only one or two traits (stereotypes)
static character
a character who remains unchanged from the story's beginning to end
narrator
the speaker who tells the story
tone
expression of the author and/or narrator's attitude and emotions in a story
point of view
the perspective from which the story is told
omniscent point of view
story is told in the third person (he, she, they, them) from a "god like" pespective. the narrator knows and sees everything including characters' thoughts and feelings
third person point of view
story is told from limited observations, thoughts, and feelings of one character
first person point of view
story is told in the first person (I, me, my). the reader sees and knows only as much as the narrator
multiple point of view
the story is told by more than one character in the plot
conflict
source of tension. the story problem
the five types of conflict
physical, emotional, mental, spiritual, ethical
external conflict
person versus person, person versus environment, person versus God/supernatural
internal conflict
person versus him/herself
symbol
an image, object, character or action that represents something else
metaphor
an inderect comparison of two or more things
simile
a comparison using the words "like" or "as"
irony
when the opposite of what you expect happens
dramatic irony
when the audience or reader knows something other characters do not
genre
different categories or types of fiction (romance, mystery, etc.)
plot
the sequence of story events. the story skeleton
theme
the main idea or story message. what understanding about life does the author reveal?
setting
place, time, and mood of a story
subplot
a secondary story line that parallels or contrasts with the main plot
flashback
scene that takes the reader back in time
foreshadowing
clues hinting to future events that will happen later in the story
introduction
establishes setting, characters, and conflict
rising action
details that help develop a story's conflict
climax
highest point of action in a story
falling action
gradual resolution of story conflict
resolution
major conclusion of the story
denoument
final conclusion