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Microbe Mission: Diseases
Terms in this set (54)
viral, a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
viral, a condition caused by the Epstein-Barr virus characterized by an increase in mononuclear cells (monocytes and lymphocytes) in the blood, along with enlarged lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy), fatigue, and sore throat (pharyngitis). Is believed to be transmitted by kissing
Chicken Pox and Shingles
viral, the virus enters the respiratory tract, travels to the skin, causing a rash, then goes dormant in nerves, can reactivate
viral, an acute disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord. Can cause paralysis and crippling.
viral, an acute disease of the nervous system of warm-blooded animals (usually transmitted by the bite of a rabid animal)
viral , an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
viral , a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days (can complicate pregnancy if during the first trimester) (German Measles)
Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
viral, A rapidly progressing viral disease that causes a high fever with bleeding from multiple sites and the ultimate shutdown of the major organs (mainly located in Africa; monkeys/ chimps can become infected too)
viral, high fever, flu-like symptoms, rash at first on tongue and mouth, rash on face, hands, and feet, scars develop, rash inside the body, when in organs can cause death.
viral, a viral disease of the liver characterized by yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes
West Nile Fever
viral, A viral infection affecting birds, horses and humans that causes fever, rash, headache, enlarged lymph nodes, and possibly brain inflammation. (most commonly transmitted through misquitoes)
viral, an acute, highly contagious respiratory infection that is spread by respiratory droplets and occurs most commonly in epidemics during the colder months
viral , a disease transmitted by mosquitoes: its symptoms inclued high fever and vomiting
viral, an acute and highly contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash (occurs primarily in children)
viral, an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
bacterial; deadly infectious disease caused by Bacillus Anthracisis; humans contract the disease from infected animal hair, hides, or waste
Peptic Ulcer Disease
bacterial, an ulcer of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is usually acidic and thus extremely painful. As much as 80% of ulcers are associated with Helicobacter pylori, a spiral-shaped bacterium that lives in the acidic environment of the stomach, however only 20% of those cases go to a doctor (for it is not a dangerous case if caught in time and can be treated with surgery). Ulcers can also be caused or worsened by drugs such as Aspirin and other NSAIDs. Contrary to general belief, more peptic ulcers arise in the duodenum (first part of the small intestine, just after the stomach) than in the stomach. About 4% of stomach ulcers are caused by a malignant tumor, so multiple biopsies are needed to make sure. Duodenal ulcers are generally benign.
bacterial, inflammation and infection of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue caused by bacteria which enter through hair follicles
bacterial, food poisoning characterized by paralysis and often death; caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum
Pertussis (whooping cough)
bacterial , an airborne bacterial infection that affects mostly children younger than six years old. Patients will be feverish and exhibit a "whoop" sound on inspiration after a coughing attack; highly contagious through droplet infection.
bacterial , a treatable infectious disease that can be fatal and is caused by a lack of adequate sanitation and a clean water supply
bacterial , Human reservoir, G- rod obligate intraparasite
Most common non-gonococcal STD infection; 2ndary to gonorrhea
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
bacterial , caused by Rickettsia rickettsii, transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected tick. Signs and symptoms of this serious dosease include a fever of sudden onset, headache, and muscle pain followed by the devlopment of a rash.
bacterial, an infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus
bacterial , a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae (symptoms include painful urination and inflamation of the urethra)
Dental Caries (tooth decay)
bacterial, caused by Streptococcus mutans. Adhere to teeth by glucans/dextran -> dental plague.
Strep. mutans: ferments sugars-> lactic and other acids -> dissolves tooth enamel and dentin.
prevention: brushing, flossing, fluoride, decreases sucrose intake.
bacterial , sexually transmitted infection caused by a spirochete, which may involve any organ or tissue over time; usually manifests first on the skin with the appearance of small, painless red papules that erode and form bloddless urcers called chancres
bacterial , infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache and stiff neck
bacterial, Severe, often fatal disease characterized by pneumonia and gastrointestinal symptoms. Caused by a gram-negative bacillus and named after people who came down with it at an American Legion convention in 1976.
bacterial , an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds
bacterial, asyndrome caused by streptococcus pyogenes that leads to a strawberry rash seen on the tongue, has a systemic effect on the body.
bacterial, an infection caused by a bacteria carried by deer ticks and transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected tick; symptoms vary but may include a rash at the site of the bite and flulike symptoms such as fever, headache, joint pain, and fatigue
bacterial, infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
bacterial, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus; an infectious disease caused by a pathogen that is resistant to many antibiotics
bacterial , a disease characterized by ulcers of the skin and bone, leading to the loss of sensation, paralysis and deformation
fungal, Caused by a fungi. These fungi like Moist places. (gym's, swimming pool). (contagious) (Red, itchy patches show up on feet)
Dutch Elm Disease
fungal, caused by fungus, spread by roots and bark beetles on elm trees, managed by herbicides and fungicides
fungal, poisoning by ingestion of ergot-infected grain products , Ex. characterized by thirst and diarrhea and nausea and craming and vomiting and abnormal cardiac rhythms; in severe cases it can cause seizures and gangrene of the limbs
fungal, Fungal infection from bird droppings, chicken coops, mushrooms, & Mississippi mud. Similar to Pneumonia. It lands in the lungs.
disease of plants caused by a fungus; responsible for the great Irish famine of the 1800s; potatos were infected by the Phytophthora infestans, causing them to rot in the fields.
fungal, infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches
fungal , fungal infection of the mouth caused by Candida albicans resulting in painful creamy white raised patches of the tongue and oral mucosa
protozoan/algal , an infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito (symptoms include fever and chills)
Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning
protozoan/algal, Found in colder waters of the Pacific and New England coasts: Clams, mussels, oysters, scallops
Symptoms:Numbness, dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, tingling of mouth, face, arms & legs
Estuary Associated Syndrome
protozoan/algal, symptom constellation attributed to Pfeisteria piscicida exposure. CDC criteria require symptoms within 2 weeks of exposure to estuarine waters; memory loss or confusion; and/or three or more selected symptoms (headache, rash at water contact site, sensation of burning skin, URI symptoms, muscle cramps, and GI symptoms) that must (except for skin complaints) persist at least 2 weeks; absence of other more likely etiologies.
protozoan/algal , infection of the intestines with protozoa found in contaminated food and water Symptoms include diaherrea, nausea, and abdominal discomfort
protozoan/algal, a diarrheal disease caused by the protist Cyrptosporidium parvum, which is spread by contact with fecally contaminated water
prion , a fatal disease of sheep characterized by chronic itching and loss of muscular control and progressive degeneration of the central nervous system
prion, a progressive disease of the central nervous system marked by increasing lack of coordination and advancing to paralysis and death within a year of the appearance of symptoms; can be transmitted by the consumption of diesased brain
parasite, parasitic blood-sucking roundworms having hooked mouth parts to fasten to the intestinal wall of human and other hosts
parasite, a nematode worm parasite that lives in the intestine of humans and animals; females lay their eggs around the anus, which causes itching
parasite, a disease that is caused by a parasitic blood fluke of the genus Schistosoma and that affects the skin, intestines, liver, vascular system, or other organs
parasite, ribbon-like flatworms that are parasitic in the intestines of humans and other vertebrates
parasite, infestation by trichina larvae that are transmitted by eating inadequately cooked meat (especially pork)
(start in intestines and move to muscles)
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