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31 terms

physical geo/ human geo

STUDY
PLAY
geography
study of the earth's surface
absolute location
exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
relative location
the regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places
latitude
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
latitude
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
hydrologic cycle
the natural process by which water is purified and made fresh through evaporation and precipitation. The cycle provides all the fresh water available for biological life.
ocean
a large body of water constituting a principal part of the hydrosphere
lake
a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded by land
river
a large natural stream of water (larger than a creek)
volcano
a fissure in the earth's crust (or in the surface of some other planet) through which molten lava and gases erupt
strait
a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water
peninsula
a large mass of land projecting into a body of water
gulf
an arm of a sea or ocean partly enclosed by land
marsh
low-lying wet land with grassy vegetation
delta
a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water
oasis
a fertile tract in a desert (where the water table approaches the surface)
butte
a hill that rises abruptly from the surrounding region
swamp
low land that is seasonally flooded
island
a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water
praire
a large area of level or rolling grassland (meadow).
steppe
extensive plain without trees (associated with eastern Russia and Siberia)
mountain
a land mass that projects well above its surroundings
valley
a long depression in the surface of the land that usually contains a river
mesa
...
plateau
a relatively flat highland
canyon
a ravine formed by a river in an area with little rainfall
weather
the meteorological conditions: temperature and wind and clouds and precipitation
climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
greenhouse effect
warming that results when solar radiation is trapped by the atmosphere
ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment
biome
a major biotic community characterized by the dominant forms of plant life and the prevailing climate