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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. George Stephenson
  2. putting- out system
  3. Thomas Newcomen
  4. Great Hunger
  5. flying shuttle
  1. a • 1840s
    • Time of agrarian crisis and economic slump
    • 60% of factory workers unemployed
  2. b • Steam pump enabled water to be sucked through a pipe
    • Could raise as much water in a day as 2500 humans
    • Applied to draining water in coal and metal mines
  3. c • Mobilization of the resources to the rural areas
    • Rural communities organized to provide unskilled labor for production
    • Caused commercial production of large quantities of manufactured goods
  4. d • Invented by John Kay in 1730's
    • Allowed weavers to work alone and permitted the construction of larger and faster handlooms
    • Was adopted slowly because it increased demand for spun thread
  5. e • 1781-1848
    • Father of the modern railroad
    • Introduced the concept of grooved wheels and a smooth track
    • Increased stem pressure in the boiler

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. • More suited to larger estates
    • Most effective when land was used in response to market conditions rather than necessities of subsistence
  2. • 1730-1795
    • Separated aspects of pottery making
    • Founded Wedgwood Pottery
    • Introduced uniform creation of pottery
  3. • Created in 1769 by Richard Arkwright; solved the problems of the jenny
    • Allowed Englishmen to produce an all-cotton fabric
    • Consisted of a series of water-driven rollers that stretched cotton before spinning it
  4. • Prohibited factory work of children under nine
    • Provided two hours of education a day
    • Set the twelve-hour work day
  5. • Farmers switched closed fields between pasturage for animals and grain production
    • In response to the price structure for specific commodities

5 True/False questions

  1. jenny• Invented by James Hargreaves; allowed for the spinning of eight threads at once
    • replaced the spinning wheel
    • ADVANTAGES: was a breakthrough in redressing the balance between spinning and weaving/ could spin cottage in large quantities
    • DISADVANTAGE: spun thread that wasn't strong enough to be used as warp

          

  2. Samuel Crompton• Created in 1769 by Richard Arkwright; solved the problems of the jenny
    • Allowed Englishmen to produce an all-cotton fabric
    • Consisted of a series of water-driven rollers that stretched cotton before spinning it

          

  3. mule• Invented by James Hargreaves; allowed for the spinning of eight threads at once
    • replaced the spinning wheel
    • ADVANTAGES: was a breakthrough in redressing the balance between spinning and weaving/ could spin cottage in large quantities
    • DISADVANTAGE: spun thread that wasn't strong enough to be used as warp

          

  4. James Hargreaves• Improved steam engine-1775
    • Converted up down motion to rotary motion
    • Used in machine's and locomotion

          

  5. Robert Owen• Workers who opposed the introduction of mechanization of weaving
    • Rioted by breaking machines in 1810's
    • Attempted to maintain the traditional organization of their industry and the independence of their labor