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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. banking system
  2. puddling and rolling
  3. Canal Systems
  4. Eli Whitney
  5. putting- out system
  1. a • Process of smelting iron used by Cort to remove the impurities from pig iron and roll directly into sheets
    • Had a major impact upon iron production
    • Eliminated the necessary use of charcoal to make iron
  2. b • Made transportation easier
    • Britain
    • Aided in the growth of the Industrial Revolution
    • Brought resources inland for domestic usage
  3. c • 1765-1825
    • Invented the cotton gin in 1794
    • Aided in the explosion of the cotton industry
  4. d • 18th century banks become available beyond London
    • Bank of England manages public debts
    • Helped with government revolution
    • Created stability by holding most interest rates
  5. e • Mobilization of the resources to the rural areas
    • Rural communities organized to provide unskilled labor for production
    • Caused commercial production of large quantities of manufactured goods

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. • Mineral energy and technology innovations
    • Britain 1750-1850- after 1850 growth slowed
    • Machines replaced human and animal labor
  2. • 1840s
    • Time of agrarian crisis and economic slump
    • 60% of factory workers unemployed
  3. • Made turnip cultivation popular
    • New system of planting known as four crop rotation-wheat, turnips, barley.
    • Keeps land productive
  4. • 1834
    • Unified trading zone created by Prussia
    • Created a series of alliances between German States
    • States received an annual portion of revenue
    • Prussia received political benefits for keeping smaller countries in line
  5. • Farmers switched closed fields between pasturage for animals and grain production
    • In response to the price structure for specific commodities

5 True/False questions

  1. George Stephenson• 1781-1848
    • Father of the modern railroad
    • Introduced the concept of grooved wheels and a smooth track
    • Increased stem pressure in the boiler


  2. John Kay• Invented by James Hargreaves; allowed for the spinning of eight threads at once
    • replaced the spinning wheel
    • ADVANTAGES: was a breakthrough in redressing the balance between spinning and weaving/ could spin cottage in large quantities
    • DISADVANTAGE: spun thread that wasn't strong enough to be used as warp


  3. Richard Arkwright• Founded modern factory system
    • Developed water frame
    • Constructed the first cotton factories in Britain
    • Was a genius in industrial managing
    • Died with a massive fortune


  4. traditional economy• Jobs passed down through generations
    • Very labor and agriculture orientated


  5. James Hargreaves• Devised a machine known as "the Jenny"
    • First to open the spinning bottle neck