12 terms

Period 2: Vocab Quiz #1

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Terms in this set (...)

reincarnation
In Hinduism and Buddhism, the process by which a soul is reborn continuously until it achieves perfect understanding
missionaries
people who work to spread their religious beliefs; used in Christianity and Buddhism
pilgrims
a person who goes on a sacred journey to a sacred place; example: Muslims completing their hajj to Mecca; Christians visiting Chartres Cathedral to view sacred relics
sacred texts
The sacred stories and writings of different religions which explain the main beliefs and practices. Examples: Vedic texts in Hinduism, Bible in Christianity, Torah in Judaism, Koran in Islam
divinity
the quality associated with being God, a god, or a goddess; for example, Jesus is considered divine by Christians
diaspora
the scattering of people who have a common background or beliefs (examples: the community of Jewish people in the Mediterranean and Middle East)
monistic
the belief that reality is unified (one supreme being) - example Hinduism
caste system
divided Indian society into groups based on a person's birth, wealth, or occupation; no social mobility
animism
The belief that bodies of water, animals, trees, and other natural objects have spirits; example: beliefs of the Mongols and Shintoism in Japan
shamanism
belief that some people can communicate with spirits
filial piety
the responsibility children have to respect, obey, and care for their parents; prominent in Confucianism
monastic
related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns; communities like these exist in both Christianity and Buddhism

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